End of the Monarchy
Wars and massacres were followed. Both Prussia and Austria planned to invade. At July 25th, both of them wrote Brunswick Manifesto, promising no civilians would be hurt in the invasion, unless the royal family was hurt. This made the French think that King Louis XVI was working with the foreign kings. At August 1st, 1792, Prussia invaded France.
In September the situation got worse, for The Legislative Assembly had no power, moreover, Paris or France was controlled by none. Angry and violent, the revolutionaries went into prisons and killed any person thought to be a traitor. They hated priests the most, hence killed many of them, along with nobles and ordinary people. 1,400 was the total of dead people at September 7th.
A new government was needed, therefore, the National Convention was formed, which “voted and found Louis XVI guilty of ‘conspiracy against the public liberty and the general safety,’ in January, 1793. It was due to the Brunswick Manifesto. People thought that Louis XVI planned with the Prussian and Austrian rulers to invade France. At the end, Louis XVI was condemned to death by guillotine and executed at January 21st, 1793. At October 16th, Marie Antoinette was executed as well.
1. The second child of the monarchy, Louis Joseph, died at June 4th, 1789—aged7—from tuberculosis.
2. The third child, Louis Charles died at June 8th, 1795—aged 10— from tuberculosis.
3. Marie-Thérèse was the only child of the monarchy who had the chance to live after the age of 11. She was 21 when the revolution ended in 1799.
4. “Let them eat cake,” was a quote falsely attributed to Marie Antoinette.