UPCOMING WEEK WE WILL PRESENT YOU THE FAMOUS ITALIAN PAINTER CARAVAGGIO.
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (*28.9.1571; + 18.7.1610) was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily. His paintings combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of light, which had a formative influence on Baroque painting. Caravaggio trained as a painter in Milan before moving in his twenties to Rome. He developed a considerable name as an artist, and as a violent, touchy and provocative man. Caravaggio displayed bizarre behaviour from very early in his career. A brawl led to a death sentence for murder and forced him to flee to Naples. There he again established himself as one of the most prominent Italian painters of his generation. He traveled in 1607 to Malta and on to Sicily, and pursued a papal pardon for his sentence. In 1609 he returned to Naples.⠀
Caravaggio employed close physical observation with a dramatic use of chiaroscuro that came to be known as tenebrism. He made the technique a dominant stylistic element, darkening shadows and transfixing subjects in bright shafts of light. Caravaggio vividly expressed crucial moments and scenes, often featuring violent struggles, torture and death. He worked rapidly, with live models, preferring to forgot drawings and work directly onto the canvas. His influence on the new Baroque style that emerged from Mannerism was profound. It can be seen directly or indirectly in the work of Peter Paul Rubens, Jusepe de Ribera, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, and Rembrandt. In the 20th century interest in his work revived, and his importance to the development of Western art was reevaluated.
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