Photo by Amnon Gutman @gutmanen for @everydayclimatechange. People sunbathing , during a hot summer day in South France. This rapid-fire sequence of extreme heat waves is not a trend that is going to end any time soon. A study late last year found that in just the last 10 to 15 years heat waves like this have become 10 times more likely—mostly due to human-caused climate change. the World Meteorological Organization and the World Health Organization, both United Nations organizations, issued their first-ever joint guidelines for dealing with the expected rise in heat waves and their increasing impact on public health. “Heatwaves have emerged as an important hydrometeorological hazard and will remain so, given projected changes in the frequency of extreme heat events associated with human-induced climate change,” the U.N. text warned. @climatechange@globalwarming@climatechangefrance
Photo by @matildegattoni for @everydayclimatechange ~ A pair of giant hands rising from the water have been unveiled on Venice's Grand Canal — a sculpture by contemporary artist Lorenzo Quinn intended to highlight the devastation of climate change.
The artwork, titled Support, shows two huge hands emerging from the canal to "support" the historic Ca' Sagredo Hotel in such a way that they appear to be preventing the 14th-century building from sinking into the water.
But the hands can also be seen as powerful enough to dismantle and drag down the building, should they choose to — a dual representation intended to represent the power of human beings "to love, to hate, to create, to destroy," Quinn said. #venice#italy#climatechange#climatechangeisreal
Two young men near the end of a long walk to their village in the Ethiopian Highlands. Good roads are far and few between, and motor transport still rare between towns and mountain villages. Ethiopians here still walk long distances to towns, and depend on their farms and animals for subsistence. This makes them far more dependent on the variable seasonal rains, unusually heavy last year, to provide for food for their families. After the worst drought in decades the rains came back so strong that they further threatened food security and grain was distributed by aid groups to avert potential famine. Ethiopian Highlands.
Photo by @jbrussell for @everydayclimatechange Mundari herdsmen dance and leap in the air to celebrate the slaughtering of a cow at a cattle camp in Central Equatoria Province. This pastoralist tribe suffered from inter-tribal conflicts and cattle rustling in the northern part of the province and were forced to move further south in search of safer grazing land, however the area where they settled is contaminated with unexploded ordinance and landmines left over from the country's long civil war. For Sudan's pastoralist tribes, cattle are the only form of wealth and are all-important to their culture and identity. South Sudan's pastoralists depend on the region's water resources, grazing lands and the seasonal cycles of rain for their survival and nomadic way of life. Prolonged periods of drought, erratic rains and flooding in the Horn of Africa, caused by global warming and climate change, are threatening the herds and exacerbating tribal conflicts in the fragile young nation. Many experts believe that climate change acts as a "threat multiplier" in conflicts around the world and that the international community should address conflict and climate change in a more integrated manner.
Kuruki, South Sudan. #climatechangeisreal#climatechange#globalwarming#Africa#southsudan#mundari#conflict#pastoralists#environment
Photo by @franckvogel for @everydayclimatechange
Tonle Sap lake is vital to feed Cambodia and it’s now under threat because of new mega dams under constructions in Laos and due to climate change. The annual rainfalls and the “flood pulse” – the cyclical flooding of the Tonle Sap from the Mekong River that is crucial for fish production and floodplain agriculture - have been affected.
This image is part of the Mekong story from the “Transboundary Rivers” project: www.transboundary-rivers.com
A book « Fleuves Frontières » (Transboundary Rivers) has been released in Sept 2016 by Edition de la Martiniere in France.
Photo by @sima_diab for @everydayclimatechange
ElMax, a fishing neighborhood in Egypt's port city of Alexandria. ElMax is a low-lying stretch of land built on either side of Khandak AlArab canal which feeds in to the Mediterranean Sea. Homes are often only a few centimeters above water level and during the winter rainy season this impoverished fishing neighborhood is often inundated with water, flooding the lower level of people's homes along the banks.
One resident told me she's noticed annual floods occur more often and are more devastating year after year.
Fishermen in ElMax have also long complained about the toxic industrial dumping in to the canal from nearby factories, killing off fish in the area. The toxic dumping coupled with rising sea levels has threatened the fishermen's future in the area. The government announced plans last year to more closely monitor the factories and curb the dumping. Nearby the government has built housing in a higher lying area to house its residents, a project which should be complete this year. Some residents say by moving homes and removing access to the canal will end their livelihoods as fishermen.
The ancient city of Alexandria is one of the world's most vulnerable cities to climate change, potentially displacing hundreds of thousands of people along its coastline. #climatechangeisreal#alexandria#egypt#climatechange#everydayclimatechange#elmax #cop23
everydayclimatechange photo by John Novis @johnnovis for #everydayclimatechange
Owing to severe drought in Northwest China, Wang Zhi Ping, age 46, travels with his mule on a four-hour round trip from his home in Zhai Ke Village, Gansu to get fresh drinking water. Drought, caused by climate change is one of the most harmful natural hazards in Northwest China and has a significant impact on China's environment and economy. The iconic Silk Road was the world's first superhighway, a series of desert and mountain crossings that enabled silk to make its way from the ancient Chinese capital of Xian. The Silk Road allowed links between China and the West to flourish, encouraging an exchange of art, ideas and culture as well as trade. Desertification and drought, a result of climate change, has taken its toll on the Silk Road. The once great civilizations dotted along the road have now been consumed by the desert and the region is home to some of China's poorest people. The Silk Road is considered a climate hot spot, like the poles, where climate change is accelerating faster than in other areas. These changes include glaciers retreating at an alarming rate along the route. However, there is a twist to the story. Many parts of the Silk Road have exceptionally powerful wind and solar resource locations. It is where China is now building massive wind farms and the renewable industry is starting to flourish. Green factories are springing up everywhere along the route, most notably in Gansu and Xinjiang. johnnovis #climatechange #climatechangeisreal #everydayclimatechange #globalwarming #cop23 #bonn #eyeonclimate #drought #gansu#china #silkroad #nofilter #photooftheday @greenpeace
Photo by Esther Horvath @estherhorvath for @everydayclimatechange Arctic shrub growth in the tundra is one of the most significant examples on Earth of how climate change is altering northern terrestrial ecosystems. New research suggests that greater shrub abundance in the Arctic may be accelerating global warming. Greater shrub abundance causes the tundra surface to be darker, and a darker tundra absorbs more radiation and then reradiates the heat back into the lower atmosphere, causing even greater warming. These changes have happened fast and have been documented in Scandinavia, Alaska, Canada and Greenland. This change in the Arctic Tundra is similar to the consequences of Arctic Ocean sea ice loss, where a light colored surface (ice) becomes a darker ice-free ocean surface. The open ocean water then absorbs more heat and reradiates the heat to the lower atmosphere, causing more warming. Arctic sea ice loss and more shrubs in the surrounding tundra appear to be linked. @ilcp_photographers#everydayclimatechange#climatechange#globalwarming#arctic#tundra#northernnorway
Photo by @matildegattoni for @everydayclimatechange ~ Fishermen casting their nets in Lake Victoria. Due to heavy human extraction and high evaporation, the Nile river basin and its inhabitants are especially sensitive to climate change. Current water withdrawal for irrigation is so high, that despite its size, in dry periods, the river does not reach the sea.
In addition, along its 3,000 km course through arid northern Sudan and southern Egypt, the Nile loses a huge amount of water to evaporation. This makes water supply extremely sensitive to temperature and precipitation changes. Climate change will also have a significant impact on fisheries, affecting both the productivity of fish populations and how they are distributed. Small changes in temperature can dramatically alter water levels, mixing regimes and fish productivity. #lakevictoria#uganda#climatechange#climatechangeisreal#globalwarming#africa#rivernile
If you are in Lugano tomorrow please come to the opening of our exhibitions « EverydayClimateChange » and « Ocean Rage » by ECC member @matildegattoni on the devastating consequences of climate change in West Africa.
Also, if you are still around on the 14th, Matteo Fagotto and Matilde Gattoni will have a talk at 6pm and will screen their multimedia piece for the very first time. We hope to see you there. Details for the exhibits here http://www.luganophotodays.ch/en/ and for the talk here https://www.facebook.com/events/736695319861892/ @luganophotodays in partnership with @photo_op_milan#climatechangeisreal#exhibition#photography#photojournalism#climatechange
Photo by Ashley Crowther @ashleycrowtherorg for @everydayclimatechange: Fishermen in Fiji preparing to cast their nets out on Fiji’s Great Sea Reef off the coast of the island Vanua Levu. The oceans are one of the most important sources of life on the planet, as we know it.
About half of the carbon that is released from human activities is taken in by the natural carbon cycle. The oceans take in about a third of all human related carbon emissions and prevent them from entering the atmosphere further contributing to global warming.
However, the ocean has limits and is reaching them. As the carbon concentrations in the oceans rise due to human activities, it is leading to a decrease in pH levels, making the oceans more acidic. This acidification is leading to a variety of issues that are mainly impacting marine life such as corals, which are made up of calcium carbonate, and readily dissolves in acid.
Photo by @edkashi/@viiphoto. A black rhino cow and her calf march through the black basalt looking for shade and water in the Palmwag concession of the northern #Namibian#desert. Rhinos are known to cover 2500 sq kms (over 1500 miles) in search of food and can go without water for 4 days. The African Wildlife Foundation states that the hunting and killing of rhinos for their horns is a common practice because of the major demand for use in traditional Asian medicine. Additionally, rhino habitats are majorly threatened by increasing human population and city growth, logging, agriculture, roads and settlements. #everydayclimatechange#ECC#actonclimate#climatechangeisreal
everydayclimatechange photo by John Novis @johnnovis for #everydayclimatechange
A huge street billboard in Jiuquan, Guazhou, Gansu, China, promotes the renewable energy industry bringing prosperity and new green jobs to the Silk Road region. The message translates, 'To build windpower along the Hexi Corridor in Gansu. To make a wind farms strong as the Three Gorges on land in Western China’. China is rapidly expanding its wind power generating capacity and has set a target for renewable energy consumption of 40 percent of the market by the year 2050. Desertification and drought, a result of climate change, has now taken its toll on the Silk Road and is considered a climate hot spot, like the poles, where climate change is accelerating faster than in other areas. Ironically many parts of the Silk Road have exceptionally powerful wind and solar China is rapidly expanding its wind power generating capacity and has set a target for renewable energy consumption of 40 percent of the market by the year 2050. Desertification and drought, a result of climate change, has now taken its toll on the Silk Road and is considered a climate hot spot, like the poles, where climate change is accelerating faster than in other areas. Ironically many parts of the Silk Road have exceptionally powerful wind and solar resource locations. It is where China is now building massive wind farms and the renewable industry is starting to flourish. Green factories are springing up everywhere along the route, most notably in Gansu and Xinjiang making the Silk Road a significant factor in today’s energy revolution. #climatechange #climatechangeisreal #everydayclimatechange #eyeonclimate #unitednations #climatechangeconference #bonn #globalwarming #drought #jiuquan #guazhou, #gansu #hexicorridor #china #desert #silkroad #windfarm #windturbines #renewableenergy #promotion #billboard #nofilter #photooftheday @greenpeace moon
Photo by James Whitlow Delano @jameswhitlowdelano for @everydayclimatechange
Banks of Mexico City smog build around the bases of two of the three great volcanoes in Mexico, all well over 5,000m (16404.2 ft) - Iztaccíhuatl (L), Pico de Orizaba (center on the horizon) and Popocatépetl (R). Geophysicist Hugo Delgado of Mexico's National Autonomous University commented recently that the glaciers at the summits of the Iztaccíhuatl (left foreground) and Pico de Orizaba (center on the horizon) volcanoes in Central Mexico will disappear in the next 10 to 35 years because of global warming caused by hydrocarbons like those found in Mexico City's legendary air pollution. Iztaccíhuatl's glacier may be gone in 10 to 15 years, he says.
Mexico is a massive matrix of diverse micro-climates north to south, east to west where one valley can be vastly different than the one next to it. This makes the country, its wildlife and people intensely vulnerable to climate change.
Photo by @jbrussell for @everydayclimatechange Mothers waiting in line to receive "bouillie", a liquid made from millet based cereal, in order to feed their malnourished children at the Save The Children malnutrition clinic in the Aguie hospital in the Maradi region of southern Niger. Suffering from malnutrition themselves, mothers are often unable to breast feed which in turn causes malnutrition among their children. Niger consistently ranks as one of the poorest countries on earth. Located in the Western Sahel, the landlocked country suffers from chronic malnutrition and food insecurity caused by climate related drought and erratic rainy seasons, inadequate arable land, one of the highest demographic growth rates in the world, poor social and sanitary living conditions and widespread poverty. Food insecurity affects children under five and women disproportionately, especially in rural areas. Climate change will only exacerbate already precarious situations for millions of people in Africa and around the world. Aguie, Niger. #climatechangeisreal#climatechange#glibalwarming#Africa#Niger#Sahel#foodsecurity#malnutrition#mothers#women
Photo by Amnon Gutman @gutmanen for @everydayclimatechange
Refugees trying to warm themselves, during a cold winter day, in a warehouse where they sleep, near Belgrade train station.
Most of Serbia has a temperate continental climate. from 1961 to 2010 periods of extremely hot weather last longer and periods of extremely cold weather are shorter. These trends of duration of extreme temperature conditions are most pronounced in summer season.
In the period 1949–2009, there was an increase in mean annual temperatures in almost all parts of Serbia. The rises in temperatures were higher in the northern than in the southern parts of the country. The highest increase of mean annual temperatures was in Belgrade due to the urban heat island effect: 0.20°C/decade in the period 1949–2009. Significant increase of mean annual temperature was found in almost the whole of Serbia during 1989-2010, especially due to warming of the summer season; a negative temperature trend was found for the whole of Serbia for 1961-1989. Daily maximum temperature has also increased over the period 1951-2010.
Indoor air pollution resulted in over 1.24 lakh deaths across India in 2015 according to a report published in the Lancet, a noted medical journal. This count was higher than deaths caused by pollution emanating from coal power plants (accounting for 80,368 fatalities) and other industries (95,800 fatalities). Adoption of improved cooking stoves such as these being promoted by NGOs like INSEDA as part of their Eco Village Development program in the Himalayan state of Uttarakhand in India are seen as a solution to reduce soot pollution and drudgery for women. Traditional chulhas, commonly in use in rural areas use wood, agricultural residues and cattle-dung cakes are inefficient and emit black soot, a deadly killer and a contributor of greenhouse gases that cause #climatechange. In contrast, improved stoves are scientifically designed for optimal regulation of heat flow and better fuel utilisation. It is said that clean cooking can contribute to an enabling environment for achieving the entire #agenda2030 and directly deliver across 10 of the #SDGs, saving lives, improving livelihoods, empowering women, and protecting the environment simultaneously.
Development in Puerto Vallarta, in a time of rising seas due to climate change, has led to massive beach erosion on the beautiful Banderas Bay. This coast is a prime breeding ground for sea turtles and the loss of beach in combination with warmer seas and hotter sands has negatively affected the breeding of sea turtles which must wait later into the winter season to lay their eggs on the diminished beaches. Jalisco, Mexico
Image by @sean_gallagher_photo Tourists stand looking out onto an industrial area in Guangdong, southern China. The area has seen some of The country's most rapid development, resulting in the clearance of mangroves to make way for industry, urban expansion and agriculture. --- Mangroves lie in coastal regions and consist of trees found in salty brackish waters. They are one of the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth but often receive little attention. According to WWF, "More than 35% of the world’s mangroves are already gone. The figure is as high as 50% in countries such as India, the Philippines, and Vietnam, while in the Americas they are being cleared at a rate faster than tropical rainforests." This is because of human clearance for agriculture, development and fishing. These unique ecosystems are valued not just for their biodiversity but also for their ability to protect coastlines from the effects of climate change such as rising sea levels, storm surges and for filtering pollution. Their global decline is alarming scientists across the world. @pulitzercenter#asia#china#mangroves#climatechange
@jakepricenyc for @everydayclimatechange I took another drive along #Nagano's #Chikuma (river of a thousand turns) yesterday curious to see what the effects of typhoon Lan were on farmers here. 39 of 47 prefectures in #Japan have reported their status according to the government with loses totaling upward of $61.5 million in damage to the farming and fishing industries. Damage to crops was estimated at 37.8 million. The total death toll is now 7 people, some of whom lost their lives to falling debris. 44,000 were forced to people to evacuate and 196 were injured,. The water that inundated crop areas along the river was indeed strong and reached I'd estimate just shy a kilometer in from the banks and rose about 2 meters. All around me many trees were coated in earth which turned the red bright fruit ashen and would need to be discarded, some apples had already fallen and other trees had lost their apples whit began to rot on the ground, as seen here, due to the storm. The storm was made stronger due to higher than normal ocean temperatures due to #climatechange.
Apple farmers here are also coping with longer term challenges in regard to rising temperatures which have made them adapt to the changing climate in a variety of ways which is mostly economically driven. For example, fruits mature and color at different times. For those not too concerned with coloring issues some farmers have started their growing season 10 days later than they did 20 years ago while those in need of selling the fruits at the right time have placed reflective materials beneath the apples and have trimmed the leaves around the fruits to give them full color.
The changing climate here is also acutely felt in other industries as well, especially the tourism industry in the mountains. With skiing seasons shorter, hotels, ski lodges, ryokans, skiing parks and all those who work and supply this industry both locally and globally feel the impact of Nagano's changing climate.
Ghana - Cape Coast - Fishermen prepare their net before going out at sea.
As a direct consequence of global warming and sea level rise, more than 7,000 kms of coastline from Mauritania to Cameroon are eroding at a pace of up to 36 metres per year, disrupting the lives of tens of millions of people in thirteen countries. While local governments scramble to salvage big cities and industrial complexes, thousands of villages are being left out in the cold, pushing a thousands-year-old way of life on the brink of extinction.
Once home to thriving fishing settlements, the coastline of Ghana and Togo is now a sequence of crumbling buildings and ghost towns which have been swallowed by the ocean in little more than 20 years. As climate change wipes away houses, churches and plantations, it also destroys the livelihood, cultural heritage and social fabric of entire communities, with dangerous consequences for the future of the whole continent.
Rising temperatures have prompted fish stocks to move to cooler waters away from the coasts, starving the local fishing industry, while erosion and salinization have affected agriculture by reducing the quantity of arable land and contaminating freshwater reserves. Deprived of their means of survival and with no hope for the future, communities lose their most resourceful people to migration. As rampant unemployment drives drugs and alcohol consumption, the only profitable activities are offered by criminal syndicates involved in fuel smuggling and illegal sand mining. #ghana#capecoast#climatechange#africa#everydayclimatechange#photojournalism#documentaryphotography#climatechangeisreal
Photo by Esther Horvath @estherhorvath for @everydayclimatechange In September I documented the ROBEX Deep Sea Mission while onboard the Polarstern icebreaker in the Arctic Ocean for The Wall Street Journal @wsjscience@wsjphotos . The Arctic Ocean belongs to the least explored location on Earth and it is the most rapidly changing environment because of the increasing air and sea temperature. Researchers from 16 German institutes deployed new technologies in the Arctic this September to investigate the Arctic ecosystems, which are strongly influenced by climate change. The mission was part of a scientific project which studies extreme environments in deep sea and in space. One of the main developments made specifically for the Deep Sea mission in the Arctic Ocean was an autonomous crawler called “Tramper," which took measurements of the seabed under the ice for a period of a year. If you are interested in the entire story, please read it online on today's WSJ with the title: “Meet the Robots Helping in the Quest to Find Extraterrestrial Life." @ilcp_photographers#everydayclimatechange#climatechange#globalwarming#arctic#arcticocean#icebreaker#science#environment#eyeonclimate