Many believe Capoeira began in Brazil, but like all martial arts, it's root's lie in Afrika. Capoeira began with peoples of Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Republic of the Congo.
Our traditional fighting styles were taken to Brazil by enslaved Afrikans, Capoeira was practiced as a dance to fool slave masters, while the enslaved used it to train themselves, to keep fit and arm themselves for rebellions.
Capoeira incorporates the traditional Afrikan martial arts of Angolan Bassula, which means swiping, making the opponent to fall. It's very aggressive, the intent is to disable the opponent.
Angolan Gabetula, which involves hand strikes, elbows and punches; Angolan Kamangula, which is very similar to today's Slap Boxing, where you strike your opponent open-handed.
Angolan N'gola (N’golo), which is a traditional martial art, and a right of passage. where two Bantus or Mucupis males would fight to prove their bravery and and earn the right to a bride. It involved very fast kicks, high kicks, and has a higher stance. N'gola uses both hands and feet to fell the opponent. Angolan Njinga, low body leg sweeping and striking movements;
Congolese Gwindulumutu, where the intent is to bash the head of the opponent; and Congolese Kipura, a fighting style of balance, attack and defence, using both the arms and legs. A slower more controlled fighting style, which is also done closer to the ground, with very low Ginga (the footwork is called Ginga). The name Kipura, is also where Capoeira came from. Kipura is a Kikongo word, which means to fly or flutter like a rooster.
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