Founder of."Muhammed Speaks"
Born: #May19, 1925
Died: #February21, 1965
New York, New York
African American #civilrightsleader
African American civil rights leader Malcolm X was a major twentieth-century s#pokesmanforblacknationalism. Unlike many other African American leaders of this time, who supported nonviolent methods, Malcolm X believed in using more aggressive measures in the #fightforcivil rights.
As a boy
Malcolm X was born #MalcolmLittle on May 19, 1925, in #OmahaNebraska. His father, a Baptist minister, was an outspoken follower of #ïMarcusGarvey (1887–1940), the black nationalistleader. (A nationalist is a person who promotes one nation's culture and interests over all others.) Garvey supported a "back-to-Africa" movement for African Americans. During Malcolm's early years, his family moved several times because of racism (dislike and poor treatment of people based on their race). They moved from Omaha, Nebraska, after being threatened by the Ku Klux Klan, a group that believes that white people are superior to all other races. While living in an all-white neighborhood in Michigan their house was burned. When Malcolm was six years old, his father was mysteriously murdered. The black community was convinced that white people had committed the crime. Three of Malcolm's four uncles were also murdered by white people.
By the 1930s the nation had fallen into the Great Depression, a decade-long period of great economic hardship. Work was scarce, and Malcolm's family struggled. For a time his mother and her eight children lived on public welfare. When his mother became mentally ill, Malcolm was sent to a foster home. His mother remained in a mental institution for about twenty-six years. The children were divided among several families, and Malcolm lived in various state institutions and boardinghouses. At thirteen Malcolm was charged with delinquency (behaving in a way that is against the law) and was sent to a juvenile detention home (a place where young people are held in custody). He dropped out of school at the age of fiftee
A criminal life
Living with his sister in Boston, Massa