SIMON NORFOLK@simonnorfolkstudio

… A photographer whose work over the past fifteen years has been themed around a probing and stretching of the meaning of the word ‘battlefield’...

http://www.institutecreatives.com/simon-norfolk

117 posts 80,614 followers 108 following

Photograph by @simonnorfolkstudio on assignment for an upcoming story for @natgeo ... An oddly rural view in an otherwise densely populated city – one of the world's flash points … the Dome of the Rock and the old city walls of Jerusalem seen from the Mount of Olives, just above the Garden of Gethsemane.
The white horse's name is Ramses. “And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him”. (Revelations 6:8)

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@instituteartist @michaelhoppengallery @benrubi_gallery @galleryluisotti @natgeo @simonnorfolkstudio

#photojournalism #documentaryphotography #simonnorfolk #revelations #domeoftherock #gardengethsemane #mountofolives
#photojournalist #jerusalem #holyland

Garden of Gethsemane, Mount of Olives, Jerusalem, Israel
68

On this day (15th November) in 1966 NASA's second manned spaceflight programme, Project Gemini, concluded with the safe return to Earth of Astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin E. Aldrin. Gemini XII was the 18th manned US spaceflight, and the 26th spaceflight of all time. The flight featured three “spacewalks” - periods of extravehicular activity (EVA) by Edwin"Buzz" Aldrin, lasting a total of 5 and a half hours, thereby successfully demonstrating that astronauts can effectively work outside of spacecraft. This helped pave the way for the Apollo program to achieve its goal of landing a man on the Moon by the end of the 1960s.

Here photographed the rusting remains of Launch Complex 19 (LC-19), a National Historical Monument, where all the manned Project Gemini launches were made. After being initially converted for the Titan II Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) program, LC-19 was later designated for the Gemini space flights. After the program concluded in 1966, LC-19 was deactivated. The tower, here lying on its back, would for launch have stood upright and supported the rocket on the pad and its umbilicals. Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.

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@instituteartist @michaelhoppengallery @benrubi_gallery @galleryluisotti @natgeo @simonnorfolkstudio #fullspectrumdominance #spaceexploration #photojournalism #journalism #coldwar #buzzaldrin #astronaut #NASA #spacewalk #launchpad#capecanaveral #spaceflight #documentaryphotography #history #documentary #lensculture #rocket #visualarchitects #apollo #projectgemini #spacewalk #rocketlaunch # #artphotography #fineartphotography #photooftheday #conceptualphotography #reportage #photostory #simonnorfolk @simonnorfolkstudio

Cape Canaveral, Florida
5

If you want a successful website, “have more pictures of cats”, they said.
Final version of the User Experience on my new website here being tested in the lab. Very new, very beautiful website coming very soon courtesy of the people at BiteDigital.com Watch this space…

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Pleased to see a selection of my photographs included in a brilliant new title by Hoxton Mini Press ( @hoxtonminipress ) – Launch party TONIGHT: “Unseen London” Launch. Wednesday 1st November, 6-8pm The Green Room, 2-4 Hoxton Square, London, N1 6NU

Images taken deep under London whilst on assignment for National Geographic – a peeling back of the city’s skin to explore the hidden histories unearthed by archaeologists working on the Crossrail development. Here, Roman-era skulls photographed 70m below their discovery place in the construction tunnels of Crossrail in what will be the concourse between Moorgate and Liverpool St Stations. The stones jammed in the eye socket would confirm this as possibly the washout from a flooded cemetery. Pitting on the surface of some of the skulls also suggests they were rolled in moving water. The skull on the middle shelf without the pitting was probably rolled whilst still ‘fleshed'. Other contributors include:
Dougie Wallace ( @dougie_wallace ), Matt Stuart ( @mattu1 ), Thom ( @thomatkinson ) and Beth Atkinson ( @captainbetheart ), James O Jenkins ( @jamesojenkins ), David Vintiner ( @david_vintiner ), Janie Airey ( @aireyspaces ), Vicky Grout ( @vickygrout ), Ben West, Effie Paleologou, Stephen Leslie (@step_hen_les_lie ), Anton Rodriguez ( @antonrodriguez ), Mark Sanders ( @marksandersstudio ), George Georgiou ( @georgiou17 ), Andy Sewell ( @sewelland ), Lorenzo Vitturi ( @lorenzovitturi ), Carl Bigmore ( @carlbigmore ), Giacomo Brunelli ( @brunelligiacomo ), Cian Oba-Smith ( @cianobasmith ), Johanna Neurath ( @hunna), Lewis Bush ( @lewis__bush ), Shahed Saleem ( @shahed.saleem ) and Nick Turpin ( @the_nick_turpin ), Rut Blees Luxemburg ( #rutbleesluxemburg )
Follow @simonnorfolkstudio for updates, outtakes, unpublished and archive material

#hoxtonminipress #underlondon #unseenlondon #underground #crossrail #assignment @instituteartist @michaelhoppengallery @benrubi_gallery @galleryluisotti @natgeo @simonnorfolkstudio

Hoxton
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On this day (29th October) 539 BCE the Persian king Cyrus II walked triumphantly into Babylon, the ancient Mesopotamian capital and seat of a huge empire that straddled the middle east. Iranian communities around the world mark this day as “Cyrus the Great Day” or “Cyrus Day”, روز کوروش October 29 (7th of Aban آبان)

After taking Babylon, Cyrus proclaimed himself "King of Babylon... king of the four corners of the world" in the famous Cyrus Cylinder. The text of the cylinder portrays the victorious Cyrus addressing the Babylonian god Marduk, and how Cyrus had improved the lives of Babylonians, repatriated displaced peoples, and restored cult sanctuaries and temples. Some assert that the cylinder represents a form of human rights charter, whilst other historians place it in the context of a long-standing Mesopotamian tradition of new rulers beginning their reigns with declarations of reforms. Cyrus the Great's dominions comprised the largest empire the world had ever seen.
These 2 images: a photograph of The tomb of Cyrus the Great, founder of the Achaemenid Empire, at Pasargadae; and detail of bas relief at the Archaemenid city of Persepolis. Both located in Fars Province, central Iran, and both UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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#documentaryphotography #simonnorfolk #archaeology #iran #Persian #Persianempire #Persepolis #shah #Achaemenid #Achaemenidempire #history #heritage #worldheritage #worldheritagesite #shiraz #fars #simonnorfolkstudio #documentary #igtravel #visualarchitects @simonnorfolkstudio #empire #cyruscylinder #babylon #pasargadae @simonnorfolkstudio

Pasargad, Fars, Iran
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Pleased to see a selection of my photographs in a brilliant new title by Hoxton Mini Press ( @hoxtonminipress ) published today: “Unseen London” “London is one of the world’s most photographed cities, so you might think there’s nothing left to see. But you’d be wrong. Through the eyes of 25 contemporary photographers you can venture along hidden canals, around notorious housing estates, through surreal street scenes and deep underground”

Here, an image taken deep under London whilst on assignment for National Geographic – a peeling back of the city’s skin to explore the hidden histories unearthed by archaeologists working on the Crossrail development. Crossrail is a railway line under construction in and around London. On completion, a total of 42km of subterranean rail tunnel will have been bored as part of Europe’s largest infrastructure project.

Other contributors include:
Dougie Wallace ( @dougie_wallace ), Matt Stuart ( @mattu1 ), Thom ( @thomatkinson ) and Beth Atkinson ( @captainbetheart ), James O Jenkins ( @jamesojenkins ), David Vintiner ( @david_vintiner ), Janie Airey ( @aireyspaces ), Vicky Grout ( @vickygrout ), Ben West, Effie Paleologou, Stephen Leslie (@step_hen_les_lie ), Anton Rodriguez ( @antonrodriguez ), Mark Sanders ( @marksandersstudio ), George Georgiou ( @georgiou17 ), Andy Sewell ( @sewelland ), Lorenzo Vitturi ( @lorenzovitturi ), Carl Bigmore ( @carlbigmore ), Giacomo Brunelli ( @brunelligiacomo ), Cian Oba-Smith ( @cianobasmith ), Johanna Neurath ( @hunna), Lewis Bush ( @lewis__bush ), Shahed Saleem ( @shahed.saleem ) and Nick Turpin ( @the_nick_turpin ), Rut Blees Luxemburg ( #rutbleesluxemburg )

Follow @simonnorfolkstudio for updates, outtakes, unpublished and archive material.

#hoxtonminipress #underlondon #unseenlondon #underground #crossrail #assignment #london #underlondon #documentaryphotography #simonnorfolk #archaeology #history #simonnorfolkstudio #documentary #visualarchitects @simonnorfolkstudio #lighting #tunnel

@instituteartist @michaelhoppengallery @benrubi_gallery @galleryluisotti @natgeo

London, United Kingdom
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The first Europeans who went to the Russian Far East observed that the bears here were relatively harmless compared to their Siberian counterparts. But this week reports from Sakhalin Island state that 83 bears had to be shot dead because they were hostile as they roamed through villages looking for food. That figure is nearly three times higher than last year. The overfishing of salmon is reported to be partly to blame. Bear populations are also under pressure as a consequence of mineral exploitation and international trophy hunting.

Here photographed emerging from steam in the Valley of The Geysers in Russia’s neighbouring Kamchatka peninsular. This photograph is from a selection of work commissioned for Patek Philippe Magazine through @bookmarkcontent

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Kamchatka
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Photograph by @simonnorfolkstudio

During this week (October 12th-16th) in 1971 the then Shah of Iran hosted days of festivities to mark 2500 years of the Persian Empire (Persian: ‫جشن‌های ۲۵۰۰ سالهٔ شاهنشاهی ایران‬‎‎). The celebration was to demonstrate the country’s ancient civilization and showcase its contemporary advancements. These events centred around the archaeological sites of Persepolis and Pasargadae and have been dubbed the most expensive and lavish party in history.

Another image of Persepolis taken in 2008 whilst on assignment for National Geographic Magazine.
Darius I built the greatest palace at Persepolis on the western side of platform. This palace was called the Apadana. The King of Kings used it for official audiences. The work began in 518 BCE, and his son, Xerxes I, completed it 30 years later. The palace had a grand hall in the shape of a square, each side 60m (200ft) long with seventy-two columns, thirteen of which still stand on the enormous platform. Each column is 19m (62ft) high with a square Taurus (bull) and plinth. The columns carried the weight of the vast and heavy ceiling. The tops of the columns were made from animal sculptures such as two-headed lions, eagles, human and Cows, Because cows are symbols of fertility and abundance in ancient Iran .
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#documentaryphotography #simonnorfolk #archaeology #iran #Persian #Persianempire #Persepolis #shah #Achaemenid #Achaemenidempire #history #heritage #worldheritage #worldheritagesite #shiraz #fars # #party #worldparty #simonnorfolkstudio #documentary #igtravel #visualarchitects @simonnorfolkstudio #lighting #dusk #dariusthegreat #darius

Persepolis
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During this week (October 12th-16th) in 1971 the then Shah of Iran hosted days of festivities to mark 2500 years of the Persian Empire (Persian: ‫جشن‌های ۲۵۰۰ سالهٔ شاهنشاهی ایران‬‎‎). The celebration was to demonstrate the country’s ancient civilization and showcase its contemporary advancements. These events centred around the archaeological sites of Persepolis and Pasargadae and have been dubbed the most expensive and lavish party in history.
Another image of Persepolis taken in 2008 whilst on assignment for National Geographic Magazine. Persepolis was built by Darius the Great in 515 BCE as a palace complex for the celebration of Nowruz (Persian New Year) and the focus for imperial tribute. It was the ceremonial centre of the Persia’s Achaemenid Empire for 200 years. In 330BCE Alexander the Great burned it to the ground, possibly by accident, possibly as deliberate revenge for the Persian destruction of the Acropolis in 480 BCE.

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@instituteartist @michaelhoppengallery @benrubi_gallery @galleryluisotti @natgeo
#documentaryphotography #simonnorfolk #archaeology #iran #Persian #Persianempire #Persepolis #shah #Achaemenid #Achaemenidempire #history #heritage #worldheritage #worldheritagesite #shiraz #fars # #party #worldparty #simonnorfolkstudio #documentary #igtravel #visualarchitects @simonnorfolkstudio #lighting #dusk #dariusthegreat #darius

Persepolis
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During this week (October 12th-16th) in 1971 the then Shah of Iran hosted days of festivities to mark 2500 years of the Persian Empire (Persian: ‫جشن‌های ۲۵۰۰ سالهٔ شاهنشاهی ایران‬‎‎). The celebration was to demonstrate the country's ancient civilization and showcase its contemporary advancements. These events centred around the archaeological sites of Persepolis and Pasargadae and have been dubbed the most expensive and lavish party in history.
Here, photographed on my second assignment for National Geographic Magazine in 2008, Naqsh-e Rustam is the Acropolis of the great Persian kings of the 5th and 4th century BCE with the high tombs of Darius II, Ataxerxes I and Xerxes I. The site is near the ruined city of Persepolis, not far from Shiraz in western Iran.
In the foreground is the mysterious Ka’be-ye Zartosht which has been thought to be either a tomb, a sacred library or possibly a chamber for the keeping of holy fire.
Follow @simonnorfolkstudio for updates, outtakes, unpublished and archive material.

@instituteartist @michaelhoppengallery @benrubi_gallery @galleryluisotti @natgeo #documentaryphotography #simonnorfolk #archaeology #iran #Persian #Persianempire #Persepolis #shah #Achaemenid #Achaemenidempire #history #heritage #worldheritage #worldheritagesite #Shiraz #Fars #defense #party #worldparty #simonnorfolkstudio #documentary #igtravel #visualarchitects @simonnorfolkstudio #sacred Ataxerxes #Darius # Naqsh-e-Rustam #holyfire #tombs


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On this day (October 12th-) in 1971 the then Shah of Iran opened days of festivities to mark 2500 years of the Persian Empire (Persian: ‫جشن‌های ۲۵۰۰ سالهٔ شاهنشاهی ایران‬‎‎). The celebration was to demonstrate the country's ancient civilization and showcase its contemporary advancements. These events centred around the archaeological sites of Persepolis and Pasargadae and have been dubbed the most expensive and lavish party in history.

I took this image at Persepolis in 2008 whilst on assignment for National Geographic Magazine.

The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BCE. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of architecture. The uneven plan of the terrace, including the foundation, acted like a castle, whose angled walls enabled its defenders to target any section of the external front. The complex had three walls with ramparts,each with towers providing a protected space for defence personnel. The first wall was 7m (23ft) high, the second, 14m (46ft) and the third wall, which covered all four sides, was 27 metres (89ft) in height.
No presence of the wall exists in modern times.
UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979

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@instituteartist @michaelhoppengallery @benrubi_gallery @galleryluisotti @natgeo

#documentaryphotography #simonnorfolk #archaeology #iran #Persian #Persianempire #Persepolis #shah #Achaemenid #Achaemenidempire #history #heritage #worldheritage #worldheritagesite #shiraz #fars #wall #defence #defense #party #worldparty #simonnorfolkstudio #documentary #igtravel #visualarchitects @simonnorfolkstudio @unesco #unesco


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I'm happy to be involved in Art on a Postcard, which raises money for The Hepatitis C Trust through an annual secret postcard auction and ‘postcard lotteries’. This image of mine from the Kamchatka Peninsula is in the mix this year.

Buy your lottery ticket from @artonapostcard https://tinyurl.com/y8s8ynet

Koryaksky volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. In 2008 Koryaksky erupted with a 6,000m plume of ash, the first major eruption in 3,500 years. This photograph is from a selection of work commissioned by Patek Philippe Magazine through @bookmarkcontent

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@artonapostcard
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On this day (October 5th) 1914 French pilot Louis Quenault opened fire on a German aircraft, marking the dawn of air combat.
I've been working for over a year now on a project about the aftermath of the First World War. The war was the first major conflict involving the large-scale use of aircraft. Although aircraft then were
limited and the bombs and their stowage elementary, strategic and tactical bombing
date from the earliest days of the war.
Here a photograph of a targeting range complete with retired merchant ship at DIO (Defence Infrastructure Organisation) Holbeach, an Air Weapons Range in Lincolnshire, England. Use of the range began in the 1920s, with biplanes firing and dropping bombs over the area. Observation towers parallel to the target line are manned and allow the fall of aircraft ordnance to be calculated for accuracy by means of triangulation.

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material.
@instituteartist @michaelhoppengallery @benrubi_gallery @galleryluisotti @natgeo @simonnorfolkstudio
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#documentaryphotography
#battlefield #war #notwar #aftermath #photojournalism #journalism #simonnorfolkstudio #simonnorfolk #documentary
#visualarchitects #warfare #Holbeach #munitions
#WWI # #weapon #firstworldwar


7

Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem.
Photographed for an upcoming story for National Geographic Magazine.

The church contains, according to traditions dating back to at least the fourth century, the two holiest sites in Christianity: the site where Jesus of Nazareth was crucified, at a place known as "Calvary" or "Golgotha", and Jesus's empty tomb, where he is said to have been buried and resurrected. The tomb is enclosed by the 18th-century shrine, called the Edicule. The Status Quo, a 250-year old understanding between religious communities, applies to the site.

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#church #candlelight #religion #faith #holyland #christianity #simonnorfolkstudio #igtravel #visualarchitects #prayer #traditional #traditions #culture #holysepulchre


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Photographed on assignment for an upcoming story for National Geographic Magazine.

The Deir Es-Sultan monastery was built on part of the main church roof of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem more than 1,000 years ago. The modest collection of small rooms has been occupied by monks from the Ethiopian Orthodox Church since 1808. Ownership of the monastery, however, is hotly disputed between the Ethiopians and the Egyptian Coptic Church.
Ethiopians speak the ancient Semitic language of Amharic. They worship in the even more ancient dead language of Ge’ez. As well as Sunday, Saturday is a holy day, and in each church the Ark of the Covenant is revered. Indeed Axum cathedral is said to house the Ark once kept in the Holy of Holies of the Jewish Temple. The Ethiopians are not well off. Once, they had a chapel inside the church of the Holy Sepulchre. They lost that centuries ago during the long Ottoman rule of Jerusalem, when political influence and payment of taxes counted for much.

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#photojournalism #documentaryphotography #simonnorfolk #jerusalem #christianity #religion #faith #holyland #orthodoxchurch #simonnorfolkstudio #igtravel #visualarchitects #ethiopia #ethiopian #christians #pilgrims #faithful #traditions #culture #holysepulchre #monks


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Photographed on assignment for an upcoming story for National Geographic Magazine.

Ethiopians on the roof of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, on Thursday before Easter. At present, the most serious discord in the Holy Sepulchre is between the Ethiopians and their long-time antagonists, the Copts of Egypt. Though the two ancient African churches share a similar dogma, for the last three centuries they have been feuding over the Chapel of St. Michael leading from the parvis (the entrance courtyard) to the roof of the basilica. Initially the Ethiopians controlled the modest chapel, measuring about eight by 11 metres. Unable to pay their Ottoman taxes, the Ethiopians sold the shrine to the Copts in the 17th century. But unwilling to abandon their claim, the Ethiopians built a tiny village atop the church in a space which may have ben a Crusader-era dining room. The monastery (which in their faith includes men and women) is called the House of Sultan Suleiman in honour of the marriage of King Solomon to the Queen of Sheba, a union which they believe led to the founding of their nation 3,000 years ago. Although the Ethiopian monks have lived there for more than 200 years, the Copts are in overall control of the monastery. The Ethiopians represent the first Christian country in Africa. This Church, with its Alexandrian origins, is distinguished by its having preserved Old Testament customs such as circumcision and the Levitical laws governing food and ritual purity, and celebrations in the ancient Ge’ez language. At Easter many Ethiopian men and women come to Jerusalem, cloaked in white stoles.

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I’ve been working for a year now on a larger project about the aftermath of the First World War. Stumbled across these munitions whilst photographing in a field in the Somme.

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14

Photographed whilst on assignment for an upcoming story for National Geographic Magazine.
Mosaics at the Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem: The Doubting of Thomas.
The Church of Nativity in Bethlehem is the only major church in the Holy Land that survives intact from the early Christian period. The Church of the Nativity was originally commissioned in 327 by Roman emperor Constantine and his mother Helena over the cave that is still traditionally considered to be the birthplace of Jesus. The present church was built by the Emperor Justinian after the destruction of the Samaritan Revolt of 529 CE. In 614, the church had a narrow escape. A Sassanian army from Persia had invaded the Holy Land and proceeded to destroy all the churches. However, they desisted at Bethlehem because they recognised the images of their ancestors, the Magi, above the entrance to the Church.
The site is currently under restoration within an international project managed by the Palestinians through the Project Client "The Palestinian Presidential Committee for the Restoration of the Nativity Church". Work on the mosaics is part of an estimated $19 million makeover -the building hadn't undergone major repairs since 1479. Of the 2,000 meters of original mosaics, only 150 meters squared remains. Mosaics created 155-1169CE
The artist, Basilius, signed his name in Latin and Syriac — using tesserae. Basilius did the technical work, Aram was was the artist.

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#archaeology #Jesus #religion #faith #holyland #christianity #simonnorfolkstudio #igtravel #visualarchitects #crucifixion #mosaic


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Photographed on assignment for an upcoming story for National Geographic Magazine.

Scenes along the Via Dolorosa on Good Friday 2017. Estimates are that there were 50,000 pilgrims in Jerusalem over the Easter weekend which saw a rare combination of Jewish Passover and Orthodox and Catholic Easters all at the same time. Many of the Christian groups were carrying national flags such as Eritreans and Serbians. Through it all was a massive security presence from the many different branches of the Israeli police and military.

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32

Pleased to see my work for the Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC) featured in a new book, “AFGHANISTAN Preserving Historic Heritage” by the Aga Khan Historic Cities Programme.

Here a photograph of the restored Timur Shah Mausoleum set within a public garden adjacent to the Kabul River. One of the largest surviving Islamic monuments in central Kabul, the mausoleum of Timur Shah marks the grave of the son of Ahmad Shah Durrani, who effectively created the modern state of Afghanistan in the late eighteenth century. The mausoleum was heavily damaged in recent decades, but now restored it stands as one of the most iconic monuments in Kabul and the surrounding park provides much-needed green space in a congested part of the city.

Follow me @simonnorfolkstudio for updates, outtakes, unpublished and archive material on this and future projects

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Photographed by @simonnorfolkstudio on assignment for an upcoming story for National Geographic Magazine.

Much of the ministry of Jesus occurred on the shores of Lake Galilee. In those days, there was a continuous ribbon development of settlements and villages around the lake and plenty of trade and ferrying by boat. The Synoptic gospels of Mark (1:14–20), Matthew (4:18–22), and Luke (5:1–11) describe how Jesus recruited four of his apostles from the shores of Lake Galilee: the fishermen Simon and his brother Andrew and the brothers John and James. One of Jesus' famous teaching episodes, the Sermon on the Mount, is supposed to have been given on a hill overlooking the lake. Many of his miracles are also said to have occurred here.

Increasing water demand in Israel, Lebanon and Jordan, as well as dry winters, have resulted in stress on the lake and a decreasing water line to dangerously low levels at times. The Sea of Galilee is at risk of becoming irreversibly salinized by the salt water springs under the lake, which are held in check by the weight of the freshwater on top of them

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#photojournalism #documentaryphotography #simonnorfolk #climatechange #bible #biblical
#archaeology #Jesus #religion #faith #holyland #christianity #simonnorfolkstudio #igtravel #visualarchitects #lakegalilee #galilee #Tabgha #seaofgalilee


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Photographed on assignment for an upcoming story for National Geographic Magazine.

The Via Dolorosa (Latin: "Way of Grief / Sorrow / Suffering", or simply "Painful Way"; Hebrew: ויה דולורוזה; Arabic: طريق الآلام) is a street within the Old City of Jerusalem, believed to be the path that Jesus walked on the way to his crucifixion. The winding route from the Antonia Fortress west to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre — a distance of about 600 metres (2,000 feet) — is a celebrated place of Christian pilgrimage. The current route has been established since the 18th century, replacing various earlier versions. It is today marked by nine Stations of the Cross; there have been fourteen stations since the late 15th century, with the remaining five stations being inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

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Photographed on assignment for an upcoming story for National Geographic magazine ... Jerusalem, Old City. From a window of the Omariya School on Via Dolorosa is a view of the Dome of the Rock / Qubbat al-Sakhrah (Arabic: ‫قبة الصخرة‬‎‎ , Hebrew: ‫כיפת הסלע‬‎‎, Kippat ha-Sela.) Initially completed in 691 CE at the order of Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik, it was built on the site of a Roman temple, which had in turn been built on the site of an earlier Jewish temple, destroyed during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE. The original dome collapsed in 1015 and was rebuilt in 1022–23. The building is in its core one of the oldest extant works of Islamic architecture.

In light of the dual claims of both Judaism and Islam, it is one of the most contested religious sites in the world. Since the Crusades, the Muslim community of Jerusalem has managed the site, without interruption. As the site is part of the Old City, controlled by Israel since 1967, it remains a major focal point of the Arab–Israeli conflict.

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Photograph taken on assignment for an upcoming story for National Geographic Magazine... The "Christ Pantocrator" mosaic in the dome of the main Greek Orthodox chapel in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem. The icon of Christ Pantocrator is one of the most common religious images of Orthodox Christianity. The most common translation of Pantocrator is "Almighty" or "All-powerful." In this understanding, Pantocrator is a compound word formed from the Greek words πᾶς, pas (παντός pantos), i.e. "all" and κράτος, kratos, i.e. "strength," "might," "power." This is often understood in terms of potential power; i.e., ability to do anything, omnipotence.
Another, more literal translation is "Ruler of All" or, less literally, "Sustainer of the World". Follow @simonnorfolkstudio for updates, outtakes, unpublished and archive material.

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On assignment: upcoming story for National Geographic Magazine

Herodium (Latin), Herodeion (Ancient Greek), best known in Israel as Herodion and in Arabic as Jabal al-Fureidis (lit. "Paradise Hill") is a truncated cone-shaped hill, located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south of Jerusalem and 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) southeast of Bethlehem. Herod the Great built a palace fortress and a small town at Herodium, between 23 and 15 BCE, and is believed to have been buried there.

Herodium is 758 meters (2,487 ft) above sea level, the highest peak in the Judaean Desert.

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@instituteartist @michaelhoppengallery @benrubi_gallery @galleryluisotti @natgeo @simonnorfolkstudio @worldmonumentsfund @unesco

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Photograph taken on assignment for an upcoming story for National Geographic

The dome above the Edicule in the Church of the Holy Sepuchre, Jerusalem.
The church contains, according to traditions dating back to at least the fourth century, the two holiest sites in Christianity: the site where Jesus of Nazareth was crucified, at a place known as "Calvary" or "Golgotha", and Jesus's empty tomb, where he is said to have been buried and resurrected. The tomb is enclosed by the 18th-century shrine, called the Edicule. The Status Quo, a 250-year old understanding between religious communities, applies to the site.

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on assignment for an upcoming story for @natgeo ... Franciscan monks watch from their chapel in the Rotunda, looking down on the ceremonies around the Edicule of the Church of the Holy Sepuchre, Jerusalem.
The church contains, according to traditions dating back to at least the fourth century, the two holiest sites in Christianity: the site where Jesus of Nazareth was crucified, at a place known as "Calvary" or "Golgotha", and Jesus's empty tomb, where he is said to have been buried and resurrected. The tomb is enclosed by the 18th-century shrine, called the Edicule. The Status Quo, a 250-year old understanding between religious communities, applies to the site

Celebrations held to mark the opening of the Edicule after months of restoration work. All the various communities that have an interest in the Church were in attendance in all their finery.

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More from my recent work for the Aga Khan Trust for Culture. Badakhstan province in northern Afghanistan is located at the convergence of the Hindu Kush and Pamir mountain ranges, with the previous district centre (seen here in the distance) placed at the crossroads of smaller valleys headed towards Tajikistan, China and Pakistan.
Follow me @simonnorfolkstudio for updates, outtakes, unpublished and archive material on this and future projects

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More from my work for the Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC) featured in a new book, “AFGHANISTAN Preserving Historic Heritage” by the Aga Khan Historic Cities Programme.

Here a photograph of the team of Afghan workers on the walls of the newly restored Ikhtyaruddin Citadel, Herat. The project generated almost 70,000 man-days for both skilled craftsmen and unskilled labour. In the context of increasing pressure for wholesale 'redevelopment' of the traditional fabric of Herat's Old City, the restored citadel will serve as an example of the potential for adaptive reuse of public historical structures for cultural and educational facilities.

Follow me @simonnorfolkstudio for updates, outtakes, unpublished and archive material on this and future projects

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More from my work for the Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC) featured in a new book, “AFGHANISTAN Preserving Historic Heritage” by the Aga Khan Historic Cities Programme.

Here a photograph of the restored Ikhtyaruddin Citadel, Herat. Central to the turbulent history of the city the structure is an impressive example of surviving citadels in the region. Alexander the Great besieged Herat in 300 BC during his campaign against the Achaemenids. Known at the time as Artacoana (the ancient capital of Aria), Herat was rebuilt and called Alexandria of Aria. It is believed that the citadel was first established on its current site during this period.

Follow me @simonnorfolkstudio for updates, outtakes, unpublished and archive material on this and future projects

@instituteartist @michaelhoppengallery @benrubi_gallery @galleryluisotti @natgeo @thephotosociety @worldmonumentsfund @akdn

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#archaeology #afghanistan#unesco #renovation #restoration #conservation #islamicworld #herat #citadel


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