Did you know that elephants have a range of vocalizations?
The grunts, gurgles and infrasonic sounds made by elephants are all forms of communication. Not only can an elephant trumpet but they can also squeak, chirp and rumble. Besides vocalizations they make other sounds as they eat, move and bathe.
Trumpeting usually occurs when elephants are highly stimulated. Most sounds come from the larynx but the trumpet is made by pushing air through the trunk. Trumpeting elephants may be lost, excited, angry, playful or surprised.
Low frequency rumbles can be used to communicate over long distances. They can be used when greeting, bonding, threatening or soothing. These rumbles can be quiet and purr-like.
Roaring is part of the elephant vocabulary too and may be used to intimidate or in the response to aggression. High levels of distress or even excitement can make an elephant roar. It may sound quite frightening but it is often the first vocalization expressed during a joyful reunion.
Chirps and Squeaks are unique to Asian elephants and are used to announce news, communicate needs, assemble a group, reassure or lend support.
Elephants love water and bathe, swim, soak, play and socialize and they blow bubbles by expelling air through their trunks.
African elephants and Asian elephants make different sounds largely because of the length of their larynx, while African elephants have extended necks, Asian elephants' are more constricted.
Via : @elephantfamily
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