Fitts & Posner 3 Stages of Motor Control published 1967 @lizziefluke How we learn when we acquire new motor - sport/exercise skills.
Stage 1: Cognitive - movements are slow, inconsistent, inefficient, lots of cognitive activity, visual cues and verbal prompts are required. Movement is controlled consciously, it's not instinctive or automatic.
Stage 2: Associative - Movements are more fluid, consistent and efficient. Less cognitive activity, less verbal cues are required. Movement is a mix of conscious control and some automatic. Practice and performance are linked. Having a clearer image of what is required for desired results or better execution of skills.
Stage 3: Autonomous - Movement is accurate, efficient and consistent. Little or no verbal cues are required. Movement is automatic, focus is on tactical awareness, match/game/ intelligence. Also on the execution of skills at different speeds, intensity and power.