ADHD is the most commonly co-occurring condition with Tourette Syndrome (TS) with around 20 – 30% of children with ADHD also having a tic disorder.
ADHD is when you have difficulty with paying attention, is much more energetic than others, and is unable to control certain impulses.
ADHD is also diagnosed around the same age as TS, and also has a higher prevalence in boys.
ADHD is caused by the movement and ‘braking’ systems in the individuals brain maturing more slowly.
As with TS, not every child with ADHD will carry their symptoms through to adulthood.
Symptoms mostly start in childhood. The key thing to remember is that someone with ADHD is not behaving badly on purpose. The area in their brain which is responsible for self-control takes longer to mature than in children who don’t have ADHD.
Symptoms can range from mild to challenging. Symptoms can be specific to certain environments like home or school.
ADHD may include, difficulty sitting still, Constant fidgeting, moving, talking, making noises, Low patience threshold for example, they may find it hard to wait in a queue or listen, this can also result in them interrupting others. They may also say and do things without thinking through the consequences due to their immature impulse regulations.
Types of ADHD & some examples of their characteristics:
Hyperactivity: noisy in play, fidgety, struggle to stay seated, always on the go, excessive talking.
Impulsivity: difficulty waiting turns, interrupts conversations, blurts out answers before question is completed.
Inattention: forgetful, poor organisation, distracted, loses things, appears to not listen, avoids tasks that require lots of attention, fails to complete tasks, makes careless mistakes.
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