The word “Atusa” means “stylish”. Moreover, it means power and empowerment. Atusa (475-550 B.C.), Iranian Queen, is one of the most prominent ladies in ancient Iran’s history. She is the daughter of Cyrus the Great and Kasandan, Cambodia’s sister and wife of two Achaemenid kings, Cambodia, Dariush I, and mother of King Xerxes.
Atusa was a very beautiful woman. She was both poet and scholar. Thanks to her great wisdom and good thought, Dariush consulted with her in governmental and fatal issues. He totally trusted Atusa. If Dariush attacked a region, royal council was established for administration of governmental issues. Chief and superior on top of the royal council was Queen Atusa.
Herald states on political life of Atusa: “Atusa enjoyed great power and she was interested in accompanying her husband during the battle. She used to assist with Dariush providing her with great thoughts. She commanded several great battles in person providing significant war plots. No information is accessible regarding death of Atusa. We only know that when Xerxes returned from Greece war, Atusa was still alive. Probably, her tomb is located besides that of Cyrus the Great, Rustam’s shrine.
It is quoted: “In Iranian myths, “Homa” has been developed based on mementos of Atusa, Persian Queen and the events occurred during Kings Dariush and Xeres, her husband and her son. In public myths, “Homa” is an auspicious bird that is sometimes called “bird of happiness”. According to the said beliefs, Homa is the same bird as its shadow falls upon any person, he/she will be happy and if it sits on head of an person, he will become a king. It is likely that there is a connection between the words “Homayoun” and “Homayouni” and the word “Homa”.