Anemia- What You Didn’t Know
Anemia is characterized by fatigue, weakness, pale or yellow skin, irregular heartbeats, headache, cold hands and feet, chest pain, dizziness and lightheadedness. Anemia occurs when you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to the body’s tissues. .
Red blood cells are made through a process called Erythropoiesis, new red blood cells (RBCs) are made from old committed stem cells and mature into new cells in about seven days. Once matured, the cells circulate the blood for about 100-120 days, at the end of their lifespan they disintegrate and are removed from circulation, new cells then take their place. .
A healthy adult makes about 2 million cells per second, the process is stimulated by a hormone (Erythropoietin) made in the kidneys. In the last stages of formation RBCs absorb Iron, Vitamin B12, and Folic-acid compounds acquired through proper nutrition, deficiency of any of those nutrients may cause anemia. .
Eryptosis, is the scheduled destruction of each RBC, the process strips away protective layers of the cells leaving them vulnerable to macrophages (type of white blood cell) and subsequent phagocytosis (removal of pathogens in circulation) in the reticuloendothelial system (spleen, liver, and bone marrow). Some forms of anemia (and other diseases like malaria) involve an overactive form of Eryptosis which means cells are destroyed faster than new cells are made. .
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND ANEMIA AND RBC PRODUCTION?
Read the rest of the article to understand how RBC production influences effective treatment of iron deficiency anemia. Visit Ethnomedcn.com and sign up for my mailing list to get discounts on services and monthly meal plans.