The First Black Power conference.
On July 20, 1967 the first Black Power Conference was held in Newark, New Jersey. The National Conference on Black Power was the first formal large-scale gathering to discuss issues that affected the Pan-African community. The Conference was a three-day (July 20 to July 23, 1967) gathering that focused on the oppression that Africans experienced and the possible solutions. More than 1,000 delegates representing 286 organizations and institutions from 126 cities in 26 states, plus Bermuda and Nigeria attended the 3 day Conference. Organizations involved included the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP,) The Urban League and the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
The Conference was chaired by Dr. Nathan Wright, Jr., (an Episcopal minister) who published "Ready to Riot" in 1968. Dr. Wright thought that integration was "an insult on its face" because of the implication that the worth of African Americans was determined by the presence of White people in their lives. He preferred to see the empowerment of African Americans. In 1967 Dr. Wright said that “Black Power” depended "on the capacity of black people to be and to become themselves, not only for their own good, but for the enrichment of the lives of all." He also felt that: "People who are members of a majority group, however sympathetic they may be with those who are oppressed, can never fully identify themselves with the oppressed." The “Black Power” movement encouraged African Americans to speak out and fight for empowerment.