ROSA PARKS Activist, Civil Rights Activist (1913–2005).
On December 1, 1955, after a long day's work, Rosa Parks boarded the bus for home, taking a seat in the first of several rows designated for "colored" passengers. Bus drivers were required to provide separate but equal accommodations for white and black passengers by assigning seats. This was accomplished with a line roughly in the middle of the bus separating white passengers in the front of the bus and African-American passengers in the back. African-American passengers boarded the bus at the front to pay their fare, then got off and re-boarded the bus at the back door. As the bus continued on its route, it began to fill with white passengers. Eventually, the bus filled and several white passengers were standing in the aisle. The driver stopped the bus and moved the sign separating the two sections back one row, asking four black passengers to give up their seats. The city's bus ordinance didn't specifically give drivers the authority to demand a passenger to give up a seat to anyone, regardless of color. However, Montgomery bus drivers had adopted the custom of moving back the sign separating black and white passengers and, if necessary, asking black passengers give up their seats to white passengers. If the black passenger protested, the bus driver had the authority to refuse service and could call the police to have them removed. Three of the other black passengers complied with the driver, but Rosa refused and remained seated. The driver demanded, "Why don't you #stand up?" to which Rosa replied, "I don't think I should have to stand up." The driver called the police and had her #arrested. Later, #Rosa recalled that her refusal wasn't because she was physically tired, but that she was tired of giving in. This spurred the 381-day Montgomery Bus #Boycott that helped launch nationwide efforts to end #segregation of public facilities. #rosaparks #montgomerybusboycott #bus #protest #discrimination #standup #riseup #pushback #jimcrow #jimcrowlaws #desegregation #goagainstthegrain #montgomeryalabama #blackpassenger #blackhistory #africanamericanhistory #black365 #calendars.now