📷 taken by: @spathumpa
Breath-taking aerial photo of wide avenues intersecting in Budapest. As it often called little Paris, the recent protests came to my mind. There have been several violent protests by “yellow vests" (gilets jaunes) in Paris, beneath the sparkling lights of one of the world's most elegant avenues. Yet, one cannot hear about barricades and more serious riots, and it has to do a lot with urbanism and boulevards that had set trends for Vienna and Budapest in 19th century. Why?
After the French Revolution, under the military regime of Napoleon III Haussmann granted full authority to modernize Paris, which by the middle of the 19th century was overcrowded, dark and even dangerous and hazardous. It was not the city we all know today.
The wides avenues brought air and light to the center of the city, but they served military reasons too, not to make possible to clog, to barricade the roads under protests, and make it easier for militias to navigate.
As the French historian, René Hérron de Villefosse, would note that: “the larger part of the piercing of avenues had, for its reason, the desire to avoid popular insurrections and barricades. They were strategic from their conception.”
Today, the Haussmann apartment buildings, which line the straight and wide boulevards of Paris, make one of the most recognizable features of his conducted renovation plans. Before Haussmann, most buildings in Paris were made of brick or wood. He also required that all buildings must be regularly maintained and cleaned, at least every ten years. Simultaneously, the construction plans rebuilt the dense labyrinth of pipes, sewers, and tunnels under the streets, which provided essential services to the French capital.
Read more about reconstructions of Paris here: https://bit.ly/2C6fdda
More info coming soon #byBES !