Nicholas I, 1844-45. This miniature is stated in the Enamels inventory of 1877 to have been painted by Lee in 1845, although it was commissioned by Queen Victoria in 1844 and listed in her private accounts at that date: 'To Lee for enamels of the Emperor of Russia, the Duke of Brunswick & Prince Chas: Ed the 2d Pretender £53.0.0. It is after a portrait by Franz Krüger (1797-1857) known from an engraving by Carl Mayer. The Emperor is shown in Imperial Russian uniform with the ribbon and star of the Order of St Andrew, the star of the Order of the Garter and the badges of the Order of St George of Russia and others. Many other versions in miniature were made by Alois Gustav Rockstuhl, court miniaturist to Emperor Nicholas I. The impetus for the commission must have come from the Emperor's visit to London in June 1844. On 2 June 1844 Queen Victoria recorded in her Journal: 'The Emperor's appearance is very striking; though 48, he is still very handsome, very tall & with a very good figure. His features are quite classical and regular.'
Provenance: Commisioned by Queen Victoria from the artist in 1844
Source: Royal Collection Trust