Meanwhile, the last remaining ship, Victoria, set sail home via the Indian Ocean route on December 21, commanded by Juan Sebastián Elcano. Many sailors died of malnutrition during the voyage. 9 months later, on September 6, 1522, Elcano & the remaining crew of Magellan's voyage arrived at last in Spain aboard the Victoria, almost exactly 3 years after the fleet of 5 ships had departed.
When Victoria returned, only 18 men out of the original 237 men were on board. Elcano was later awarded a coat of arms by King Charles I of Spain, featuring a globe with the motto: Primus circumdedisti me ("You were the first to encircle me"), and an annual pension.
Magellan originally had not intended to circumnavigate the world, but rather had intended only to find a secure route through which the Spanish ships could navigate to the Spice Islands. After Magellan's death, it was Elcano that decided to push westward, thereby completing the first known voyage around the entire Earth.
Magellan's great accomplishment was the discovery of the South American strait that bears his name — Strait of Magellan — which considered as important knowledge of the period. Moreover, being the first to traverse the Pacific Ocean, Magellan demonstrated the immensity of the ocean and the challenges it posed to navigation. Finally, his complete circumnavigation thus confirmed the conception of the world as a globe.
Now, what do you think of Magellan after reading the stories about him & his expedition? Share it in the comment section ♂️
"The last remaining ship, Victoria, returned to Spain", a 19th-century depiction.