Santo Domingo was once known as the “Gateway to the Caribbean.” The city was founded in 1498 by Bartholomew Columbus, the younger brother of Christopher Columbus. While Bartholomew was petitioning the king of France to finance a voyage across the Atlantic to the Indies, his older brother was leaving on a similar voyage on behalf of Spain. Upon hearing of his brothers discovery, Bartholomew traveled to Spain to meet him. By the time he arrived, Christopher had already departed on his second voyage to the West Indies. Bartholomew headed off on his own voyage to meet his brother there. After his arrival, Christopher headed back to Spain while Bartholomew stayed and established the oldest European settlement in the Western Hemisphere.