OnThisDay in 1411 Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, father to Edward IV and Richard III, was born. One of the main protagonists that started the War of the Roses.
Richard came under the wardship of Ralph Neville, first Earl of Westmorland, who betrothed Richard to his daughter Cecily when they were thirteen and nine. The two were married in 1429 and had seven children, two of whom went on to become kings of England, King Edward IV and King Richard III. In 1455 Richard along with his brother-in-law, Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury, and his nephew, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick gathered an army and met the king’s forces at the First Battle of St Albans on 22 May 1455. Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, was killed during the battle and Henry VI was captured and returned to London by Yorkist forces. Richard died in the Battle of Wakefield between the Yorks and the Lancasters on 30 December 1460. Following his death Margaret of Anjou had Richard’s head impaled on a spike of the city walls of York in triumph over his defeat, placing a paper crown on him in jest.
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