Deo Sai(دیوسای٘), literally meaning “ The land of Giants” is the second highest plateau in the world after Chang Thang Plateau Tibet ,dominating the western Himalayas with an elevation of 13,497 ft (4114m). In the local Baltit language it is called ’Ghbiarsa’(غبیارسہ), meaning “Summer Place” because it is only accessible in summers.
Deosai National Park is located where two bio geographical provinces merge, in the Himalayan and Karakorum-Pamir highlands, and as a result is a place of very rich biodiversity. It is recognized as an internationally important site for the protection and conservation of the Himalayan Brown Bear, a critically endangered species. The Deosai plateau hosts the only stable population in the region and is important for its continued survival.
There is no permanent human habitation in Deosai plains, mostly due to the extreme weather conditions and remoteness. Tourism is limited in numbers and to the short summer season when the park is at its most beautiful. Traditional grazing rights inside the demarcated boundaries of the park are restricted to seven communities, which are permitted to take livestock to summer, pastures in designated sectors of the park.
Deosai and Sheosar Lake form one of the highest elevation freshwater wetlands in the world. The cold alpine environment is important due to its diverse alpine flora and the rich variety of species.
The French ethnologist Michel Piessel claimed that the story of Gold digging ants reported by the Greek historian Herodotus (5th century BC), was founded on the golden Himalayan marmot of the Deosai Plateau and the habit of local tribes such as the Minaro to collect the gold dust excavated from their burrows.
Ps: In an area of 3000 km square (300000 hectares or 741316.1 acres) there’s not a single tree!
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