This Day in History - The Glencoe Massacre
The Massacre at Glencoe took place on the 13th of February 1692 in the Clan MacDonald village of Glen Coe in the Highlands of Scotland
Shortly after the Jacobite uprising of 1689-1692, around 30 members of Clan MacDonald were killed by forces of the Argyll and Hill Regiments of Foot led by Major Robert Duncanson. The reasoning behind this was stated that the Clan had failed to promptly pledge alliegance to the new Monarch, William III of England (and subsequently Scotland) and his wife, Mary II.
After the failed Jacobite uprising, a Royal Proclamation was declared on the 26th of August 1691 that anyone who took an Oath of alliegance before the 1st of January 1692 would be granted a royal pardon for their actions in the uprising.
Due to fears and much misunderstanding however, the MacDonalds of Glencoe failed to declare their alliegance to King William III and thusly they were to be made an example
In late January 1692, approximately 120 men from the Earl of Argyll's Regiment of Foot arrived in Glencoe and requested guest rights from the locals. Being granted such, they were welcomed into the houses of the local population, being given food and shelter. On the 12th of February, a further 400 men were sent into the area to block any exits and way of escape from the area. Another 400 were ordered to set the houses on fire and kill anyone they found. The order was issued on the evening of the 12th, and the massacre of the locals begun. As much as 38 were killed by the troops, with the whole village being burned and livestock dragged away.
To this day the Glencoe Massacre is remembered as a savage crime in Scottish History, with yearly memorial services in the area. It was a popular topic with 19th century poets writing several topics, such as Sir Walter Scott's "Massacre of Glencoe"", Letitia Elizabeth Landon's "Glencoe" or T.S. Eliot's "Rannoch, by Glencoe"
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