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The War of the Eight Princes (291-306 CE) is the conflict which weakened and finally ended the Western Jin Dynasty (266-316 CE) in China and resulted in more far-reaching consequences throughout the country. The power of the Sima family was established in the State of Wei by Sima Yi (l. 179-251 CE) during the period of the Three Kingdoms prior to the rise of the Jin Dynasty. The princes’ conflict arose over who would wield the most power in the royal Sima family after the death of Emperor Wu (birth name Sima Yan, l. 236-290 CE) whose successor, Emperor Hui (birth name Sima Zhong, l. 259-307 CE), was disabled and so easily manipulated by others.

The War of the Eight Princes initially was not so much any kind of armed conflict between eight different nobles as a deadly game of chess played by the Empress Jia Nanfeng (l. 257-300 CE) and certain princes and, later, almost equal amounts of armed clashes and subtle plots and manipulations.
The Eight Princes were:

Sima Yong, Prince of Hejian, granduncle to Emperor Wu

Sima Jiong, Prince of Qi, cousin of Emperor Hui

Sima Yue, Prince of Donghai, cousin of Emperor Wu

Sima Ai, Prince of Changsha, son of Emperor Wu and a concubine

Sima Ying, Prince of Chengdu, son of Emperor Wu and a concubine

Sima Lun, Prince of Zhao, son of Sima Yi

Sima Liang, Prince of Runan, son of Sima Yi

Sima Wei, Prince of Chu, son of Emperor Wu and a concubine

All eight have come to be known by their temperament or outstanding characteristic during the conflict. Sima Wei is usually noted for his quick temper; Sima Liang for his honor and chivalry; Sima Lun as the usurper of the throne; Sima Ying for his able governance; Sima Ai for his courage and administration; Sima Yue for his bravery and tenacity; Sima Jiong for his arrogance; Sima Yong for his cleverness and resourcefulness. Their story is told in volume 59 of The Book of Jin (Jinshu, c. 648 CE) also known as The History of the Jin Dynasty.


















• (Article by Joshua J. Mark with thanks to Total War™ who sponsored this article || Photos belong to their respective owners)


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🥴😂 Current Mood ❗️
Who just ate their last piece of bread till Miami Carnival?!?! #rastarzmas #oneislandband #JinDynasty


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#jizhou #jindynasty #yuandynasty - photo archives #sothebys


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#guanyin of the Southern Sea, #liaodynasty or #jindynasty at #nelsonatkinsmuseum


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Jin-Yuan Dynasty period.
Shao Da Ban Fen 少打半分。Ex Zhao Quanzhi collection. Unlisted. Extremely rare.
Unlisted in most catalogues, the closest equivalent identified was the Zhi Chao Ban Fen 支钞半分 (CCC 19.3) or a rare Yuan Dynasty charm "Feng Liu Shao Da" 风流少打。Attributed as a likely provincial Yuan Dynasty issue as a token during the Yuan Dynasty occupation of Jin territory. However it is also possibly a sports token (gambling?) As Shao Da was a popular sports during the Song to yuan dynasties period involving a variant of polo for men on mules.

#china #chinese #yuandynasty #jindynasty #medieval #polo #sportstoken #numismatics #numismatic #oldcoins #oldcoin #antique #ancientcoin #ancient #rarecoins #rare #chinesecoin #cashcoins #token #exonumia #中国 #中國 #貨幣 #古錢 #金朝 #元朝 #花錢 #代幣


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A lotus bud jar Jin dynasty 1115-1234 from the Jun kiln, porcelain, 110mm high from the HK gallery of Wui Po Kok #junkiln #jindynasty #porcelain


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Wui Po Kok (匯寶閣古美術) will exhibit at our Fine Art Asia Showcase.
A porcelain Guan vessel from the Jun Kiln, Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), D. 11 x H. 8.5 cm
金代 鈞窯瓷罐 直徑. 11 x 高. 8.5公分

#fineartasia #典亞藝博 #FAA #fineartasia2019 #典亞藝博2019 #fineartasiashowcase #fineartasiashowcase2019 #fineartasiamasterpiecelondon2019 #fineartasiaartfair #wuipokok #porcelain #guanvessel #junkiln #jindynasty #masterpieceartfair #masterpiecelondon #masterpiece #london #internationalartfair #artfair #artworld #asianart #antiques #collecting #crosscollecting


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The Jin dynasty also known as the Great Jin was one of the last dynasties in the Chinese history to predicate the Mongol invasion of China. Jin dynasty was known for their love for the arts, poetry and music. Great poets, philosophers, artists, and calligraphers created an open minded society which contributed to the Empire's success. Keeping in tradition Rastarz Mas has created a muse of vibrancy and warrior edginess.
#JinDynasty #OneIslandBand2019 #RastarzMas
Register on OneIslandBand.Com


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Бронзовая позолоченная ременная накладка-пряжка .Династия Цзинь (X - XIII вв.). Бронза.Приморье . 
Bronze gilded plate-buckle. Jin dynasty (X - XIII centuries). Bronze.Primorye.Золотаяимперия#Чжурчжэни#Цзинь#Бронзовоезеркало#Bronzemirror#Mirror#Chinacoins#oldcoins#ancient#ancientcoins##Antiques#JinDynasty#NorthernSongDynasty#NorthernSong#MiddleAges#China#FarEast#Russia#Primorye#宋金#宋#金#GoldenEmpire#Jurchen#Liao#Liaodynasty#rare#rarely#


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Деревянная статуэтка неизвестного божества.Приморский край ,Смоляниново .
Ancient wooden statuette of an unknown deity. Primorye, Smolyaninovo.#Золотаяимперия#Чжурчжэни#Цзинь#Ancientwooden#Mirror#Chinacoins#oldcoins#ancient#ancientcoins##Antiques#JinDynasty#NorthernSongDynasty#NorthernSong#MiddleAges#China#FarEast#Russia#Primorye#宋金#宋#金#GoldenEmpire#Jurchen#rare#rarely#


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😸 Always have been inspired with the factions of Wei, Shu, & Wu during the 3 Kingdoms Circa/Era in their conquest to occupy and join all of the provinces together under they’re regime in Ancient China. Luo Guanzhong’s retelling of the fascinationable realm containing real-life war amongst several conquerors along with their militia and those that have they’re own agenda’s for complete unification of the land. Simply put it’s “The 3 Kingdoms I ~ 1, II ~ 2, III ~ 3 Volumed Set Of Novels” and such an addictive tale of bloodshed skirmishes + oaths of brotherhood/sisterhood/family legacies upon the throne of imperial rule. #The3kingdomsbooks #Struggleforpower #Unifying #Wei #Shu #Wu #Caocao #Liubei #Sunjian #Dongzhuo #Xiahoudun #Guanyu #Taishici #Lubu #Zhenji #Yueying #Sunshangxiang #Diaochan #Jindynasty #Landofvirtue 📚⚔️


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Бронзовое Цветочное зеркало.Династия Северная Сун - Цзинь (X - XIII вв.). Бронза.Приморье .
Регистрационная надпись – 惠州河(?)河官 - Хуйчжоу сы хоу сы гуан – “Чиновник сыхоусы округа Хуэй”. Округ Хуэй (惠州 , Хуйчжоу) был создан путем переименования округа Цзы (чжоу) во 2-м году правления Чэнъань 1197 . входил в состав области Дадин (大定府Дадинфу ) губернии Северная столица , находился на территории нынешней провинции Хэбэй , юго-западней  уезда Пинцюань, населенный пункт Чаханьчэн.
Bronze Flower mirror. Northern Song Dynasty - Jin (X - XIII centuries). Bronze. Primorye.
Registration inscription - 惠州 河 (?) 河 官 - Huizhou sy hou sy guan - “Official Syhowe of Hui County”. Hui County (惠州, Huizhou) was created by renaming the Tze (Chou) district in the 2nd year of Chen'an 1197. It was part of the Dadin region (大定 Dadinfu) of the Northern Capital, located in the territory of the current Hebei province, south-west of Pingquan County, Chakhancheng.#Золотаяимперия#Чжурчжэни#Цзинь#Бронзовоезеркало#Bronzemirror#Mirror#Chinacoins#oldcoins#ancient#ancientcoins##Antiques#JinDynasty#NorthernSongDynasty#NorthernSong#MiddleAges#China#FarEast#Russia#Primorye#宋金#宋#金#GoldenEmpire#Jurchen#惠州#大定府#河北#rare#rarely#


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Бронзовое зеркало. Династия Северная Сун (960-1279).
长命富贵 - долгих лет жизни и процветания.
Диаметр 178 мм, вес 574 гр.
Bronze mirror. Northern Song Dynasty (960-1279).
长命 富贵 - long life and prosperity.
Diameter 178 mm, weight 574 g.
宋代长命富贵镜, 直径 178 mm. 重量 574 g.
克拉斯诺亚尔斯克边疆区出土.#Золотаяимперия#Чжурчжэни#Цзинь#Бронзовоезеркало#Bronzemirror#Mirror#Chinacoins#oldcoins#ancient#ancientcoins##Antiques#JinDynasty#NorthernSongDynasty#NorthernSong#MiddleAges#China#FarEast#Russia#Primorye#宋金#宋#金#GoldenEmpire#Jurchen#长命富贵#rare#rarely#


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Бронзовое Цветочное зеркало.Династия Северная Сун - Цзинь (X - XIII вв.). Бронза.Приморье .
Bronze mirror. Northern Song Dynasty - Jin (X - XIII centuries). Bronze.Primorye.
регистрационная надпись - 襄陵縣験記官(押) переводится следующим образом: «Уезд Сянлин, проверяющий и протоколирующий чиновник (личный знак)».
Уезд Сянлин (襄陵縣) был основан еще при династии Западная Хань, во времена династии Цзинь он административно подчинялся области Пинъян (平陽府) губернии Хэдун Южная (河東南路), находился на территории современной провинции Шаньси (山西), к юго-западу от поселка Сянлин (襄陵镇), который, в свою очередь, находится северо-западнее современного уезда Сянфэнь (襄汾县).#Золотаяимперия#Чжурчжэни#Цзинь#Бронзовоезеркало#Bronzemirror#Mirror#Chinacoins#oldcoins#ancient#ancientcoins##Antiques#JinDynasty#NorthernSongDynasty#NorthernSong#MiddleAges#China#FarEast#Russia#Primorye#宋金#宋#金#GoldenEmpire#Jurchen


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Бронзовое зеркало.Династия Северная Сун - Цзинь (X - XIIIвв.). Бронза.Приморье . 
Bronze mirror. Northern Song Dynasty - Jin (X - XIII centuries). Bronze. Primorye.Золотаяимперия#Чжурчжэни#Цзинь#Бронзовоезеркало#Bronzemirror#Mirror#Chinacoins#oldcoins#ancient#ancientcoins##Antiques#JinDynasty#NorthernSongDynasty#NorthernSong#MiddleAges#China#FarEast#Russia#Primorye#宋金#宋#金#GoldenEmpire#Jurchen


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Бронзовое зеркало. Драконы.Династия Северная Сун (X - XIIIвв.).Бронза.Приморье . 
Bronze mirror. Dragons. Northern Song Dynasty (X - XIII centuries. Primorye.Золотаяимперия#Чжурчжэни#Цзинь#Бронзовоезеркало#Bronzemirror#Mirror#Chinacoins#oldcoins#ancient#ancientcoins##Antiques#JinDynasty#NorthernSongDynasty#NorthernSong#MiddleAges#China#FarEast#Russia#Primorye#宋金#宋#金#GoldenEmpire#Jurchen# Dragons


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KISAH TIGA KERAJAAN (PART 4)
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 Pertempuran demi pertempuran terjadi, untuk menjadi penguasa tunggal di China. Semula Shu dan Wu bekerja sama, namun pada pertempuran Benteng Fan sekitar 220 M, Wei bekerjasama dengan Wu untuk mengalahkan Shu dibawah pimpinan Guan Yu, Jendral perang terkenal dari Shu. Namun sayang Guan Yu kalah dan dieksekusi. Pada tahun yang sama, Cao Cao meninggal dan digantikan anaknya Cao Pi. Kematian Guan Yu menuntun amarah kedua saudara angkatnya, Liu Bei dan Zhang Fei dan berujung pada pertempuran Yi Ling melawan Sun Quan. Namun sayangnya Liu Bei dan Zhang Fei sendiri tewas pada pertempuran tersebut.
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 Kematian Liu Bei menyebabkan anaknya, Liu Chan naik takhtah. Karena usianya yang masih muda, ia dibantu oleh seorang ahli strategi terkenal bernama Zhuge Liang. Zhuge liang kemudian melakukan ekspansi ke teritori Wei yang berujung pada pertempuran dataran Wu Zhang pada tahun 234 M. Pertempuran antara Zhuge Liang dan Sima Yi yang menjadi pemimpin Wei ini berlangsung saat Zhuge Liang jatuh sakit. Sayangnya Zhuge liang tewas dan digantikan komandannya, Jiang Wei. Tak sanggup mengalahkan pasukan Wei, Jiang Wei pun menarik pasukan Shu. .
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 Semenjak itu, Shu melemah sementara muncul kekuatan baru dari keluarga Sima yang mengkudeta keluarga Cao di Dinasti Wei . Setelah kematian Sima Yi, kepemimpinan Wei dipegang oleh Sima Shi, namun ia tewas pada tahun 255 M dan digantikan saudaranya Sima Zhao yang  berhasil menaklukan Shu yang saat itu dibawah pimpinan Liu Chan. Ia kemudian digantikan anaknya Shima Yan. Ia mendeklarasikan berdirinya Dinasti Jin pada tahun 265M dan pada tahun 280 M, ia menaklukan Dinasti Wu dan menyatukan seluruh China kembali dibawah satu Dinasti, yaitu Dinasti Jin.
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Seluruh kekuatan di dunia, bersatu untuk bercerai dan bercerai untuk bersatu kembali
-kalimat pembuka pada novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Oleh : @muhammad_azrielshd
(Keterangan gambar : 1. Patung Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhang Fei. 2. Zhuge Liang 3. Sima Yi 4. Wilayah dinasti Jin)
#Historia_60 #History #AncientChina #ChinaHistory #JinDynasty #LiuBei #CaoPi #GuanYu #ZhangFei #ZhugeLiang #SunQuan #SimaYi #SimaYan


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