mulligan (mull-ig-in / mələɡ(ə)n)
1. (North America) “A stew made from odds and ends of food. Also figurative: a mixture, jumble, hotchpotch.”
2. “Originally: a railway carriage which transports food to workers. Later: a railway carriage which transports workers to and from work.”
3. (Golf colloquialism) “An extra stroke allowed after a poor shot (especially a tee-shot) in a friendly game, not counted on the score card” (Oxford English Dictionary [OED]).
Example: “It was a mulligan. Everything was in that stew — meat, potatoes, onions, bread — an appetizing hodgepodge.” - “The Saturday Evening Post,” April 4, 1914
Etymology: “Mulligan stew,” an alteration of the term “Irish stew,” (“Mulligan” is a common Irish surname) first appeared in a June 1898 issue of the “Fresno Morning Republican.” Over time, the phrase was likely shortened to simply “mulligan” and expanded to include both meanings 1 and 2 (OED). The third meaning may derive from “the name of David. B. Mulligan (1871–1954), Canadian-born hotelier and amateur golfer, who is said to have coined the term at the Winged Foot Golf Club, New York State, in the 1930s” (OED).
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