Meet Chip, he is a 2.5 yr intact Male Newfoundland. He had a few incidents as a puppy and young dog that made him feel uncomfortable with other dogs. Now when another dog challenges him, he is not the type to back down (sound familiar?). If a dog is intense or threatening him, even at a distance, he wouldn't fathom taking his favourite treats. We had a nice jog through the off leash park yesterday, everyone's dogs were great, all of the dogs just stayed engaged with their owner. Walking along the sidewalk, back home a Golden Retriever came tearing out of it's house barking and threatening us! I said nothing, gently used Chip's leash to move him behind me so that my body was in between him and the other dog. The dog approached, I said hello to it, hooked my fingers into it's collar and moved him in the direction of his beckoning owner. The owner apologized, I said "no worries" and Chip and I carried on our merry way. Body language can say a lot. I love my clicker, my treats and my cookie scatters but there is something to say for just good, kind and confident handling of our pets. I feel like these days with all the online academies, puppy party socials and "Never pull on your dog's leash" stuff we are somehow setting our dogs up to be confused and frustrated when we finally have to use our leash to communicate with them. Our dogs are going to have to be on a leash a lot in their life. The leash should be used as polite communication not some "management only" tool that you have to hang on to for dear life if your dog happens to feel overwhelmed by some random dog or skateboarder.