from @belinda_vegan - When we wonder whether to ascribe an emotion to a non-human animal, the question to ask is not, "Can we prove that another being feels this or that emotion?" but rather, "Is there any reason to suppose that this species of animal does not feel that emotion?"
If not, then we can ask whether the individual non-human animal feels that particular emotion in this particular instance. If we see an dog standing with another dying dog, the appropriate response is not to say that we have no way to measure sorrow and therefore never speak of sadness in dogs. Instead we observe the behavior of the dogs - their calls, body language, and actions - and ask whether it does seem to evidence unhappiness. The non-human animals personal story is relevant to this inquiry- were these animals strangers? Acquainted? Family? Even if animals do not (as far as we know) tell stories, they surely live them every bit as much as humans do.
Scientific humility suggests that complete understanding of other non-human animals may be possible. But we will come far closer if we do not begin by insisting that we already know more than we do about what characteristics they do not have. To learn about other non-human animals, they must be taken in their own terms, and these terms do indeed include their feelings.
Respect the rights of ALL the animals that share this planet WITH us not FOR us. We are different but the same! Please keep animals off your plate!
Video @adf.green @vox_silentii
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