Carbohydrates are the body's most important source of energy. They help a child's body to use fat and protein for building and repairing tissue.
They are classified into two main groups – Simple carbs and Complex carbs.
Simple carbohydrates or sugars are easily and quickly broken down by the body. They are found naturally in foods such as fruit and milk, which are both important sources of vitamins, fibre, and calcium. They are also found in foods that contains refined sugar such as candies and other junk foods which offer no nutritional value to the body. .
Complex carbohydrates or starches on the other hand, are found in grain products, starchy vegetables, beans, potato, corn, sweet potato, pumpkin, whole grains, rice, beans, starchy vegetables etc. These carbs take more time for our body to break down into glucose, which means you will feel full for longer than when you eat refined, simple carbs. There are also unhealthy complex carbs which have been processed a lot to make sweeter to taste.
The bottom line is that
both forms of carbs offer both good and poor options of carbohydrate rich foods to choose from. You just have to pick the best from the two.
Ensure that the majority of your child's carbohydrates are more of the starches and fibers and less of the refined sugar. This is because, they provide slow energy release which keep children fuller and energized for long. .
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