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Il Sole tramonta comunque. Sia sul giorno migliore, sia sul giorno peggiore.☀️ 🌅 .
💡 Perché durante un tramonto il cielo cambia colore? 🌇
L’atmosfera della Terra è composta, tra le altre cose, da particelle varie, da goccioline d’acqua sospese, da ossigeno e da azoto.
Quando la luce che proviene dal Sole impatta contro l’atmosfera, viene deviata in modo diverso a seconda dell’elemento che colpisce: più l’elemento è grande e più la luce viene dispersa. Se gli ostacoli che trova sulla strada sono abbastanza grandi, come le polveri e le goccioline d’acqua, la luce si disperde sempre in tutte le direzioni; se invece la luce incontra elementi più piccoli, come le molecole dei gas, ci possiamo trovare in due situazioni: in base alla lunghezza d’onda, può superarle o venire riflessa.

Quando la luce ha una lunghezza d’onda “lunga” – cioè quando è di colore arancione, giallo o rosso -, passa facilmente oltre queste piccole particelle e viene riflessa solo in piccola parte. La luce blu, però, ha una lunghezza d’onda minore e viene quindi deviata in ogni direzione. 💡 Perché allora il Sole ci appare rosso al tramonto?
Tutto dipende dalla posizione del Sole rispetto a noi. Trovandosi oltre l’orizzonte, i suoi raggi attraversano un lungo tratto di atmosfera e la loro componente blu viene tolta quasi del tutto, lasciando solo il rosso a bagnare i nostri occhi. Più il Sole scende, più il rosso si fa acceso.
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🌍Se fossimo su un pianeta privo di atmosfera (o anche sulla Luna), non ci sarebbe nessuna particella a deviare la luce: vedremmo il Sole come una sfera bianca e il cielo completamente nero.

Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

#dusk #twiligth #clouds #afternoon #sea #holiday #sun #sky #skyporn #bluesky #science #colors #life #nature #naturelovers #naturalist #photography #curiosity #wild #naturalisticphotography #views #wildlife #lifestyle #freedom #discover #wonder #knowledge #interesting #wildlifephotography


9

💡🌳La dendrocronologia è un metodo di datazione assoluta per calcolare l'età dell'albero, sfruttando il numero e lo spessore dei cerchi annuali. Infatti è possibile distinguere alcuni strati più chiari (legno primaverile) e altri più scuri (legno tardivo). Quest'ultimo indica la fine di un anno vegetativo, in quanto l'albero si prepara ad affrontare la perdita delle foglie in autunno e i climi rigidi dell'inverno.🌲
Ovviamente per sapere l'età di un albero non è necessario abbatterlo per contare i suoi cerchi, bensì è possibile farlo attraverso un metodo chiamato "Carotaggio", dove è possibile estrarre una "carota" di legno presa lungo un raggio che comprende tutti gli anelli annuali fino al midollo del legno.🌳
Ora sai come contare gli anni di un albero! 😉
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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23

💡Damigella Calopteryx splendens 🦋
È una specie di damigella appartenente alla famiglia delle Calopterygidae.
Il colore è la forma possono essere diversi a seconda che sia maschio o femmina: il maschio ha ali traslucide con una una vasta macchia blu-nera iridescente verso la parte esterna (nelle libellule immature il punto è marrone scuro). Il corpo può essere un blu metallico o bluastro o una combinazione di entrambi i colori, a seconda del periodo dell'anno e della posizione. Invece la femmina ha ali iridescenti verde chiaro traslucide con una macchia bianca vicino alla punta e un corpo metallico verde o bronzo/verde.
Le femmine possono depositare fino a 10 uova al minuto per 45 minuti che si schiudono dopo 14 giorni. Le larve hanno le zampe molto lunghe e somigliano a dei bastoni. Si sviluppano in due anni, di solito. Tollerano l'acqua fangosa e quando sono pronti a diventare adulti, si arrampicano su una canna o pianta adatta e si liberano della loro pelle.
Ora sai come riconoscere questa meravigliosa specie 😉

Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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28

💡Perché alcune piante hanno foglie rosse anche in primavera? 🍁🤔
Le piante hanno tre tipi di organelli che assegnano a una struttura un preciso colore in base alla funzione da svolgere: cromoplasti (colore giallo, rosso, viola e azzurro/blu - soprattutto nei petali e frutti), cloroplasti (verde - soprattutto foglie e fusti) ed ezioplasti (trasparente/senza pigmenti attivi - soprattutto radici o piante al buio). 🌻
All'interno delle foglie rosse c'è la prevalenza di cromoplasti che coprono il colore verde dei cloroplasti.🌱🌸
Invece, quando le foglie sono rosse e/o gialle per l'autunno, la clorofilla si degrada e appaiono gli antociani rossi e i carotenoidi giallo-arancio (sostanze nei cromoplasti), che sono normalmente nascosti dalla presenza di clorofilla. 🍂🍁
Ora sai perché le foglie hanno i colori più fantasiosi 😉
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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34

💡Gli Ardeidi comprendono gli uccelli comunemente noti come aironi, egrette, garzette, nitticore, sgarze, tarabusi, tarabusini.
Di taglia piccola, media o grande, gli Ardeidi posseggono un becco molto lungo, diritto e acuminato, collo sottile e sviluppatissimo, molto mobile, zampe anch'esse molto lunghe, con quattro dita. Le loro ali, amplissime, contrastano con la coda che è assai breve; il piumaggio è assai abbondante e comprende, in talune specie, lunghissime penne sul dorso e sul capo che vengono erette come esibizione di minaccia o in occasione di cerimonie di saluto fra partner. Il colore è generamente bianco o grigio, ma non mancano specie più variopinte o estremamente mimetiche.
Gli Ardeidi vivono quasi sempre in prossimità dell'acqua, costituendovi colonie spesso vastissime. Il loro regime alimentare consiste, oltre che di invertebrati, di pesci, anfibi e altri piccoli vertebrati.
Il nido, costruito sugli alberi, tra la vegetazione del terreno o nei canneti con rami e altri materiali vegetali, è assai rozzo.
Stazionari nei Paesi caldi, gli Ardeidi sono invece migratori nelle zone a clima temperato; mancano nelle regioni a clima decisamente freddo.
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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43

💡Nature teaches so much: collaboration is the key to making our world work! 🐜
Le formiche sono insetti eusociali della famiglia Formicidae e, insieme alle relative vespe e api, appartengono all'ordine degli Imenotteri.
Le formiche formano colonie che vanno dalle dimensioni di alcune dozzine fino a milioni di individui. Le colonie sono descritte come superorganismi perché le formiche sembrano operare come un'entità unificata, lavorando collettivamente insieme per sostenere la colonia.
Comunicano tra loro usando feromoni, suoni e tatto. Come altri insetti, le formiche percepiscono gli odori con le loro antenne lunghe, sottili e mobili.
Identificano i membri della stessa famiglia o colonia attraverso il loro odore, che proviene da secrezioni che impregnano i loro esoscheletri. Se una formica viene separata dalla sua colonia originaria, alla fine perderà il suo odore caratteristico. Ogni formica che entra in una colonia, senza l'odore che le corrisponde, alla fine verrà attaccata.
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱
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30

💡Equisetum Telmateia 🌾
It is a herbaceous perennial plant, with separate green photosynthetic sterile stems, and pale yellowish non-photosynthetic spore-bearing fertile stems. The sterile stems, produced in late spring and dying down in late autumn, are 30–150 cm.
The spores disperse in mid spring, with the fertile stems dying immediately after spore release. It also spreads by means of rhizomes that have been observed to penetrate 4 meters into wet clay soil, spreading laterally in multiple lateral. Occasional plants produce stems that are both fertile and photosynthetic.

It is found in damp shady places, spring fens and seepage lines, usually in open woodlands, commonly forming large clonal colonies. 🌾
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱
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30

💡The bright stars of the Earth ✨ 🌌
The Lampyridae are a family of insects in the beetle order Coleoptera. They are winged beetles, commonly called fireflies or lightning bugs for their conspicuous use of bioluminescence during twilight to attract mates.

Light production in fireflies is due to a type of chemical reaction called bioluminescence. This process occurs in specialized light-emitting organs, usually on a firefly's lower abdomen. The enzyme luciferase acts on the luciferin, in the presence of magnesium ions, ATP, and oxygen to produce light. Firefly luciferase is used in forensics, and the enzyme has medical uses — in particular, for detecting the presence of ATP or magnesium. All fireflies glow as larvae. In lampyrid larvae, bioluminescence serves a function that is different from that served in adults. It appears to be a warning signal to predators, since many firefly larvae contain chemicals that are distasteful or toxic.

Some species, especially lightning bugs of the genera Photinus, Photuris, and Pyractomena, are distinguished by the unique courtship flash patterns emitted by flying males in search of females. In general, females of the genus Photinus do not fly, but do give a flash response to males of their own species.

Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱
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35

💡Natural mosaic 🌿

Liriodendron tulipifera 🌷
A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.
The veins are the vascular tissue of the leaf and are located in the spongy layer of the mesophyll (the photosynthetic tissue of a leaf).
The pattern of the veins is called venation. In angiosperms the venation is typically parallel in monocotyledons and forms an interconnecting network in broad-leaved plants.
A vein is made up of a vascular bundle. At the core of each bundle are clusters of two distinct types of conducting cells:
-Xylem -> cells that bring water and minerals from the roots into the leaf;
-Phloem -> cells that usually move sap, with dissolved sucrose (produced by photosynthesis in the leaf), from the leaf to the whole plant up to the roots.
Both are embedded in a dense parenchyma tissue, called the sheath, which usually includes some structural collenchyma tissue (tissue that help to mantain the structure).
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱
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14

"La struttura alare del calabrone, in relazione al suo peso, non è adatta al volo, ma lui non lo sa e vola lo stesso" - Albert Einstein 💚🐝
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱
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15

🐸 Chiedete a un rospo cos’è la bellezza, il bello assoluto, il to kalòn. Vi risponderà che è la sua femmina, con i suoi due grossi occhi rotondi sporgenti dalla piccola testa, la gola larga e piatta, il ventre giallo, il dorso bruno - Voltaire

Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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24

💡Nature, Perfect as a drop of water 💧🌱
Vi siete mai chiesti perché le gocce d'acqua sono sferiche?
Una goccia d'acqua rimane compatta grazie alla tensione superficiale, ed è proprio questa forza che, agendo da ogni direzione, determina la forma sferica; inoltre per far sì che una goccia perda la sua caratteristica forma aumentando la superficie del liquido, è necessario fornire ulteriore energia, ma in assenza di questa assume la forma di sfera. .
Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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23

With this sun and this lawn, the only thing you can do is lie down and enjoy the caresses of the grass, the flowers and the wind while blowing the clouds away. Full immersion in the green 🤸 🌱
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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24

Giant Dragonfly
A dragonfly is an insect belonging to the order Odonata.
Adult dragonflies are characterized by large, multifaceted eyes, two pairs of strong, transparent wings, sometimes with coloured patches, and an elongated body. Dragonflies can be mistaken for the related group, damselflies (Zygoptera), which are similar in structure, though usually lighter in build; however, the wings of most dragonflies are held flat and away from the body, while damselflies hold the wings folded at rest, along or above the abdomen. Dragonflies are agile fliers, while damselflies have a weaker, fluttery flight. Many dragonflies have brilliant iridescent or metallic colours produced by structural coloration, making them conspicuous in flight.

Fossils of very large dragonfly ancestors in the Protodonata are found from 325 million years ago (Mya) in Upper Carboniferous rocks; these had wingspans up to about 750 mm.

They have a uniquely complex mode of reproduction involving indirect insemination, delayed fertilization, and sperm competition.
During mating, the male grasps the female at the back of the head or on the prothorax, and the female curls her abdomen under her body to pick up sperm from the male's secondary genitalia at the front of his abdomen, forming the "heart" or "wheel" posture.Dragonflies are predators, both in their aquatic larval stage, when they are known as nymphs or naiads, and as adults.
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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9

💡Thank you Nature 🍀 🙏
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The four-leaf clover is a rare variation of the common three-leaf clover. According to tradition, such clovers bring good luck.
It is debated whether the fourth leaf is caused genetically or environmentally. Its relative rarity (1 in 5000 clovers) suggests a possible recessive gene appearing at a low frequency. Alternatively, four-leaf clovers could be caused by somatic mutation or a developmental error of environmental causes. They could also be caused by the interaction of several genes that happen to segregate in the individual plant.

Some folk traditions assign a different attribute to each leaf of a clover. The first leaf represents hope, the second stands for faith, the third is for love and the fourth leaf brings luck to the finder. A fifth leaf represents money, but there is no meaning as yet for the sixth leaf and above.
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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14

💡Lepus europaeus 🐰 hiding in a "form"
European hare, also known as the brown hare, is a species of hare native to Europe and parts of Asia. It is among the largest hare species and is adapted to temperate, open country. Hares are herbivorous and feed mainly on grasses and herbs, supplementing these with twigs, buds, bark and field crops, particularly in winter. Their natural predators include large birds of prey, canids and felids. They rely on high-speed endurance running to escape from their enemies; having long, powerful limbs and large nostrils.

The fur colour is grizzled yellow-brown on the back; rufous on the shoulders, legs, neck and throat; white on the underside and black on the tail and ear tips. The fur on the back is typically longer and more curled than on the rest of the body. The European hare's fur does not turn completely white in the winter as is the case with some other members of the genus, although the sides of the head and base of the ears do develop white areas and the hip and rump region may gain some grey.

Generally nocturnal and shy in nature, hares change their behaviour in the spring, when they can be seen in broad daylight chasing one another around in fields. During this spring frenzy, they sometimes strike one another with their paws ("boxing"). This is usually not competition between males, but a female hitting a male, either to show she is not yet ready to mate or as a test of his determination.
The female nests in a depression on the surface of the ground rather than in a burrow, and the young are active as soon as they are born.
Litters may consist of three or four young and a female can bear three litters a year, with hares living for up to twelve years. The breeding season lasts from January to August.

Canon EOS 600D - Tamron 70-300mm 📸
Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱 .
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15

🤔😮😳Have you ever seen an insect like that?
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💡Maloe violaceus 🐜
This species is characterized by hypermetamorphosis, a kind of complete insect metamorphosis in which, in addition to the normal stages of larva, nymph and imago, they have several others, with great differences in appearance and way of life.

The body of Meloe violaceus is 10–30 mm long, females are somewhat larger than the males. These beetle are black-blue or violet-blue, head and pronotum are very finely dotted and the elytra are quite shorter than the abdomen, as in other Meloinae species.
In May–June the female digs into the soil 20–30 mm deep cylindrical holes, where they lay a very large quantity of eggs (about 2,000–10,000).
After about a month larvae emerge from eggs and climb up on grass or on flowers, waiting to cling to the thorax of approaching potential host insects seeking pollen or nectar.

The larvae have an exclusively parasitic life, primarily in the nests of solitary bees, or sometimes of locusts. If the larvae have inadvertently selected a honey bee, they die in the hive and may cause serious damage.
When the host female bee lays eggs in its cells, the first-stage larva of the violet oil beetle eats the eggs of the bee, increases in volume and becomes the second-stage larva, which continues its development eating honey and pollen. The larva, after other two stages, forms the nymph and finally the imago.

Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱 .
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11

Anche se non si viaggia intorno al mondo, le meraviglie della Natura si presentano comunque alle tue finestre; 🌱 basta aprirle e vedere il regalo che ti manda.
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💡Anacridium aegyptium
The Egyptian locust, is a species belonging to the family Acrididae.
Anacridium aegyptium is one of the largest European grasshoppers. The adult males grow up to 30–56 mm long, while females reach 46–70 mm of length. Their body is usually gray, brown or olive coloured, the antennae are relatively short and robust. Tibiae of the hind legs are blue, while femora are orange. The hind femora have characteristic dark marks. It is easily identifiable also by the characteristic eyes with vertical black and white stripes. The pronotum shows a dorsal orange stripe and several white small spots. The wings are clear with dark marks.
This species is folivore, essentially feeding on leaves of various plants.It is a solitary species, not harmful to crops. Adults can mainly be encountered in August and September, but they are active throughout the year. After mating these grasshoppers overwinter as adults. Spawning occurs in spring just under the soil surface and the nymphs appear in April. These grasshoppers undergo several molts. The nymphs have the appearance of the adults, their color varies from yellow to bright green and ocher and the wings are absent or small, as they are gradually developed after each molting.

Canon EOS 600D - 18-55mm
Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱
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8

Una delle cose più belle di un viaggio in treno, è la possibilità di sedersi accanto al finestrino, per poter ammirare, anche se per brevi istanti, posti che solo poche persone hanno visto dalla stessa finestra. Di sfuggita i panorami infiniti si perdono oltre al limite del nostro sguardo. Si possono osservare effimeri frammenti di vita delle persone che abitano quel paese, notare dettagli che magari nessun altro è riuscito a vedere, o semplicemente osservare luoghi apparentemente disabitati, ma sempre ricchi di vita, per chi riesce a guardare con gli occhi della Natura. 🌳🌱 Ecco perché è bello viaggiare 💼 🛤️

Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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16

🌸 Chrysanthemum 🌸

Sometimes called mums or chrysanths, are flowering plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae. Chrysanthemums, also known as ‘mums’, are one of the prettiest varieties of perennials that start blooming early in the fall. This is also known as favorite flower for the month of November.

Wild Chrysanthemum taxa are herbaceous perennial plants or subshrubs. They have alternately arranged leaves divided into leaflets with toothed or occasionally smooth edges.
The head has a base covered in layers of phyllaries. The simple row of ray florets are white, yellow or red; many horticultural specimens have been bred to bear many rows of ray florets in a great variety of colors. The fruit is a ribbed achene.

This flower is economically important as a natural source of insecticide. The flowers are pulverized, and the active components, called pyrethrins, which occur in the achenes, are extracted and sold in the form of an oleoresin. In fact Pyrethrins attack the nervous systems of all insects, and inhibit female mosquitoes from biting. In sublethal doses they have an insect repellent effect. They are harmful to fish, but are far less toxic to mammals and birds than many synthetic insecticides. They are not persistent, being biodegradable, and also decompose easily on exposure to light.

In some countries of Europe chrysanthemums symbolize death and are used only for funerals or on graves, while other types carry no such symbolism; in some other countries, they represent honesty.
In the Victorian language of flowers, the Chrysanthemum had several meanings. The Chinese Chrysanthemum meant cheerfulness, whereas the red Chrysanthemum stood for I Love, while the yellow Chrysanthemum symbolized slighted love. 🌸

Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

#chrysanthemums #chrysants #flowers #petals #garden #gardening #botany #nature #naturelovers #nature_lovers #naturalisticphotography #curiosity #photography #photo #science #knowledge #lostingreen #discover #wonder #discovery #colors #plant #plants #photography #naturalisticphotography #plantanatomy


4

🌸 Ceratostigma plumbaginoides 🌸
It is also known as Plumbago. They are flowering herbaceous plants, subshrubs, or small shrubs growing to 0.3–1 m tall. The leaves are spirally arranged, simple, 1–9 cm long, usually with a hairy margin. Some of the species are evergreen, others deciduous. The flowers are produced in a compact inflorescence, each flower with a five-lobed corolla; flower colour varies from pale to dark blue to red-purple. The fruit is a small bristly capsule containing a single seed. Ceratostigma has been listed as one of the 38 plants that are used to prepare Bach flower remedies, a kind of alternative medicine promoted for its effect on health. 🌸

Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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2

💡La Vanessa Cardui 🦋, o vanessa del cardo, è un lepidottero appartenente alla famiglia delle Ninfalidi.
È forse la farfalla più diffusa e precoce presente nel nostro territorio e in tutta Italia.
Le piante nutrici del bruco sono sia l’ortica, sia i cardi da cui deriva il nome specifico.
La vanessa del cardo vola da marzo a novembre ed è una specie migratrice con movimenti stagionali molto importanti, tanto da poter percorrere anche 3000 km.
La sua presenza è stata rilevata persino in Islanda, ma questa farfalla difficilmente riesce a superare i rigori degli inverni più freddi.

Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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Somewhere over the rainbow there is the Moon 🌘🌌
Moon 🌙
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth, and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite. It is the fifth-largest natural satellite in the Solar System, and the largest among planetary satellites relative to the size of the planet that it orbits.

The Moon is thought to have formed about 4.51 billion years ago, not long after Earth. The most widely accepted explanation is that the Moon formed from the debris left over after a giant impact between Earth and a Mars-sized body called Theia.
The Moon is in synchronous rotation with Earth, and thus shows always the same side to earth, the near side.
The moon is after the sun the second-brightest regularly visible celestial object in Earth's sky. Its surface is actually dark, although compared to the night sky it appears very bright. Its gravitational influence produces the ocean tides, body tides, and the slight lengthening of the day.
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Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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🌸 Crocus sativus 🌸
Commonly known as saffron crocus. Is a species of flowering plant of Crocus genus in the Iridaceae family. Is the best known for producing the spices of saffron from the filaments grow inside the flower. Each flower only produces three filaments (stigmas). Stigmas should be harvested mid-morning when the flowers are fully opened. C. sativus has a corm, which holds leaves, bracts, bracteole, and the flowering stalk. These are protected by the corm underground. This plant generally blooms with purple flowers in the autumn.

The plant grows about 10 to 30 cm high. C. sativus is a triploid with 24 chromosomes, which means it has three times the haploid number of chromosomes. This makes the plant sterile due to its inability to pair chromosomes during meiosis. 🌸

Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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Foggy path 🌫️ 🛤️ Just like in life, the path is there in front of you, you must follow it even if you do not know where it takes you, you must trust...
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💡La nebbia è una particolare nube che si forma nei pressi del suolo, per processi di raffreddamento di aria umida o per aggiunta di vapore ad una massa d'aria al suolo fino al punto di saturazione.
Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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💡The lightning in a cumulonimbus 🌩️
In meteorology lightning (also called lightning or thunderbolt) is an atmospheric phenomenon linked to atmospheric electricity that consists of a large electrical discharge that is established between two bodies with a high difference in electrical potential.

Canon 600D Tamron 70/300
Photo by: @vera.ivi 🌱

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💡La Amata phegea 🦋, o fegea, è un piccolo lepidottero diurno della famiglia delle Erebidae, diffusa in Eurasia.
Si presenta con una livrea nera, dall’inconfondibile riflesso blu metallico, con macchiette bianche sulle ali.
Il corpo è di colore nero con anelli gialli, mentre le antenne sono nere con la parte terminale bianca.
Il pretino può raggiungere i 4 cm di apertura alare.
Vive fino alla quota di m 1500 s.l.m.
Ha una generazione annuale, con sfarfallamento da fine maggio a fine agosto.
Il bruco si nutre di tarassaco, piantaggine, ortica e altre piante ancora.
Si può osservare con una certa facilità da tarda primavera, ma specialmente nella stagione estiva.
È una falena tossica, che avverte i predatori della sua ‘pericolosità’ con la ricca ed evidente colorazione.
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Photo by : @vera.ivi 🌱

#farfalla #butterfly #perhonen #blackandwhiteinsect #fiori #flowers #primavera #spring #natura #naturelovers #luonto #naturalisticphotography #curiosity #fotonatural #blackandwhite #blackinsects #entomologia #entomology #curiosità #curiosity #giardino #garden #biologia #biology #moth #nature #lepidotteri #science


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