T is for Tarsier (Spectral and others)
The Tarsier is a tiny primate with a whole bunch of unique characteristics, and a fossil history that dates back 50 million years. The enormous eyes of the tarsier are the largest in proportion to body size of any mammal. The visual cortex, which is the area of the brain devoted to vision, is correspondingly huge. Each of its eyeballs weighs more than its entire brain! The tarsier will open its eyes as wide as possible to focus on a target up in the trees or on the jungle floor. Most photos of tarsiers are taken in daylight, so the pupils are tiny, and the gold/green eye color is prominant, but in the dark of night the pupil is huge and nearly fills the eye. Their eyes can't move in their sockets, so the Tarsier is able to rotate it's head and neck a full 360 degrees (similar to an owl) It is the only mammal that is able to do this.
The tarsier is also one of the few animals that is considered to "sing", meaning they repeat melodic notes in sequence, like birds.
The Spectral Tarsier (Tarsius spectrum, also called Tarsius tarsier) is a species of tarsier found on the island of Selayar in Indonesisa. Others include the Philippino Tarsier, and the Borneo or Western Tarsier.
Their main threat is human induced habitat loss and degradation. Habitat, destruction, change, and fragmentation pose significant threats to tarsiers.
#wwf #IUCN #tarsier #spectraltarsier #philippinotarsier #westerntarsier #asia #indonesia #philippines #Sumatra #tinyprimate #animalawareness #endangeredspecies #wildlifeconservation #saveaspecies #abcconservation