High-risk HPVs cause several types of cancer.
Cervical cancer: Virtually all cases of cervical cancer are caused by HPV, and just two HPV types, 16 and 18, are responsible for about 70% of all cases
Anal cancer: About 95% of anal cancers are caused by HPV. Most of these are caused by HPV type 16.
Oropharyngeal cancers (cancers of the middle part of the throat, including the soft palate, the base of the tongue, and the tonsils): About 70% of oropharyngeal cancers are caused by HPV. In the United States, more than half of cancers diagnosed in the oropharynx are linked to HPV type 16
Rarer cancers: HPV causes about 65% of vaginal cancers, 50% of vulvar cancers, and 35% of penile cancers Most of these are caused by HPV type
High-risk HPV types cause approximately 5% of all cancers worldwide. In the United States, high-risk HPV types cause approximately 3% of all cancer cases among women and 2% of all cancer cases among men.