Here's some more insight for yesterday's tavern #triviatuesday! This coat-of-arms was the final draft for the Great Seal of the United States. After the combined efforts of many men, the design was submitted as a joint effort on June 20, 1782 to the Continental Congress by William Barton of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Charles Thomson, the Secretary of the Continental Congress. The coat-of-arms entails thirteen white five-point stars (symbolizing the original thirteen states) grouped on a navy background encircled by cloud-like circles. Beneath this is an image of a bald eagle, the national bird of the United States of America. It became the national symbol of the country in 1782 because of its strength, majesty, and it is native to North America. In its opened beak is a ribbon which reads: "E Pluribus Unum". This motto, which translates from Latin to "Out of Many, One", was coined proposed by Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams on August 20, 1776 to represent the new nation in its attempt to unify many states and people under one country. Covering the eagle's body in a shield. The shield's upper portion is blue in color, symbolizing vigilance, perseverance, & justice. The alternating white and red vertical stripes below symbolize purity and innocence (white) and hardiness and valor (red). There are thirteen stripes in total, once again corresponding with the original thirteen colonies. The shield is supported only by the eagle's breast to signify the new nation's self-reliance. In the eagle's left talon, it grasps an olive branch, symbolizing peace. In its right, the eagle grasps a bundle of thirteen arrows, symbolizing war. The inclusion of these two opposites signifies a balance or strength and diplomacy.