The Partition of 1947:
In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years of loot and exploitation, the British finally left India, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan. Immediately, there began one of the greatest and most unplanned migrations in human history, as millions of Muslims trekked to West and East Pakistan (the latter now known as Bangladesh) while millions of Hindus and Sikhs headed in the opposite direction. Many hundreds of thousands never made it.
Across the Indian subcontinent, communities that had coexisted for almost a millennium attacked and massacred each other ruthlessly, with Hindus and Sikhs on one side and Muslims on the other - a mutual genocide as unexpected as it was unprecedented. The situation was especially intense in the provinces of Bengal and Punjab as they shared a common border with East and West Pakistan respectively. The situation was rapidly getting out of hand with numerous massacres, arson, forced conversions, mass abductions, and savage sexual violence. Some seventy-five thousand women were raped, and many of them were then disfigured or dismembered. Some women were forced to convert into the abductor's religion and then forced into marriage.
Nisid Hajari, in “Midnight’s Furies” (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt), his fast-paced new narrative history of Partition and its aftermath, writes, “Gangs of killers set whole villages aflame, hacking to death men and children and the aged while carrying off young women to be raped. Some British soldiers and journalists who had witnessed the Nazi death camps claimed Partition’s brutalities were worse: pregnant women had their breasts cut off and babies hacked out of their bellies; infants were found literally roasted on spits.”
15 Million people were displaced across the two nations and 2 Million people were killed due to the violence.
#rape #womensrights #womenempowerment #girlpower #equality #islam #hinduism #colonisation #racist #religion
Wagah Border - India Pakistan Border