Juan Arredondo@juanarre

https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2018/08/colombia-civil-war-farc-female-revolutionary

http://www.juanarredondo.com/

#Repost @natgeo with @get_repost
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@natgeo photo by: @juanarre // Juan Arredondo
A boy from the Yukpa indigenous community stands on a makeshift house where he and his family sleeps on the border between Venezuela and Colombia. The Yukpa indigenous community live on the border between the two countries. 300 people made the long journey from the Sierra de Perija mountains in Venezuela to City of Cucuta in Colombia due to the food shortage and economic crisis Venezuela is undergoing. Shortly after this picture was taken the entire community was evacuated and sent back to Venezuela.
#venezuela #foodcrisis #migrationcrisis #refugees #colombia #indigeonous #yukpa


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“Susana” and “Victoria” are two of the many former FARC soldiers struggling to find a place in postwar Colombia.
Excerpt from the article written by @maureen_orth on this month issue of @vanityfair on sexual crimes committed to women fighters at the hand of FARC Rebels. ----
The FARC today denies it ever had a policy of forced abortions. Victoria Sandino, a veteran FARC leader who was often the only woman on its negotiating team during peace talks, tells me that all female enlistees knew upon signing up that pregnancies were strictly forbidden. In the earlier days of the war, before the rule was implemented, “women would have babies all the time and end up marginalizing themselves,” Sandino says. “It was another reason why women could not reach equality and were not active in the decision-making processes of the organization and communities.” She also believes that “maternity and wars are not compatible. You risk not only the lives of women but of the children collectively.” Sandino herself is accused of ordering forced abortions, but she insists that female guerrillas who became pregnant had three choices: “They could interrupt the pregnancy voluntarily; number two, have the baby at home and return; or three, not return.” It was taken for granted by both the FARC and the paramilitary leaders that “women don’t have a will of their own but follow the men,” says María Emma Wills Obregón, adviser to the director of Colombia’s National Center for Historical Memory. “Women who transgressed were brutally and publicly punished.” #colombia #postconflict #farc #sexualabuse #sexualcrimes #farc #warcrimes #justice #justicia #crimenesdeguerra @centromemoriah


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Viviana feeds Har daughter at her home in Medellin.

When we’d come down from the mountains and go into town, she’d buy things for us like barrettes for our hair and earrings,” a guerrilla with the alias “Viviana” tells me. Some fighters even called her La Cucha, or “Mommy.” Yet Viviana notes that Karina also “gave orders to kill and to abort. You follow orders and can’t ask why.” Another demobilized FARC woman, who served in Karina’s command and has since witnessed her in peace and reconciliation sessions in front of victims, says she has changed greatly: “Karina had a heart of stone; now it’s melted.” from the text by @maureen_orth on our latest article for @vanityfair
My latest contribution to the September issue of Vanity Fair on stands now. With an extraordinary text and interviews by Maureen Orth on the sexual crimes committed to women rebels at the hands of FARC rebels.

#colombia #farcdemobilization #farc #sexualabuse #rebels #transitionaljustice


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#Repost @vanityfair with @get_repost
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As "Karina," Elda Neyis Mosquera was Colombia's most-feared female revolutionary. As one of the few women FARC commanders, Mosquera has confessed to a host of barbarous crimes—including kidnappings, murder, terrorism, forced abortions, and more. Now that peace has broken out, she is helping to give voice to the history of entrenched sexual violence against women in the movement—but even with the passage of time, can she be forgiven? Follow the link in bio for more. Photograph by @juanarre.


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Elda Neyis Mosquera, also known as "Karina" reading her Bible in her room where she has been under house arrest for the past eight years.
My first contribution to @vanityfair now on stands.
With an extraordinary text by @maureen_orth
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SHE WAS COLOMBIA’S MOST-FEARED FEMALE REVOLUTIONARY. CAN SHE HELP IT FIND PEACE?
As one of the few women FARC commanders, Elda Neyis Mosquera, also known as “Karina,” has confessed to a host of barbarous crimes—including forcing abortions on her own soldiers. Now that peace has broken out, she is helping to give voice to the history of entrenched sexual violence against women in the movement.

In person, Karina exudes a soft-spoken calm that is startling in light of her history. The only sign of her violent past is her glass right eye, the result of a battle wound she sustained while leading an attack against the same army brigade that now serves as her friendly captors.

Her deepest scars are invisible. When she was 17, she says, the FARC tested Karina’s loyalty by ordering her to kill a close male friend with a machete and watch him bleed to death. She complied. “That marked my life forever,” she says. “He was a person I really cared for.” As part of her training, the FARC sent Karina to a war college in the jungle, complete with a Marxist-Leninist revolutionary library and an auditorium for 300, where she first saw some of the top members of the all-male FARC Secretariat. She finished 10th in a class of approximately 150.
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Link to the full article in profile
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#colombia #peaceprocess #warcrimes #justice #transitionaljustice #sexualabuse #farc #rebels


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My first contribution to the September issue of @vanityfair hits stands today. With gripping testimonials from the victims and an extraordinary text by @maureen_orth on the sexual crimes committed among FARC rebels during the protracted conflict in Colombia.
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Thank you @kirapollack and Lauren Jones for entrusting me with this assignment. Be sure to read it!

#colombia #peaceprocess #warcrimes #sexualcrimes #farc #justice #sexualabuse #karina #rebels #vanityfair
Link to the full article in profile


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A group of 13 Venezuelans including a family of six sleep at a gas station in Pamplona.
They made the desperate 975 km from the border of Venezuela and Colombia to the City of Cali in search of a better life. ---
Trip to the Unknown is the most recent multimedia project for @Dejusticia as part of a multi-story project about the Venezuelan migration crisis. With @angelicamcuevas we travel with this family, follow the link for more on this story.

#dejustica #venezuela #migration #migrationcrisis #cucuta #venezueladiaspora #longjourney #migrants #refugees #humanitariancrisis #colombia #cucuta
Link in profile for full story


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Trip to the Unknown is the most recent multimedia project for @Dejusticia as part of a multi-story project about the Venezuelan migration crisis. With @angelicamcuevas we travel with this family, follow the link for more on this story.

#dejustica #venezuela #migration #migrationcrisis #cucuta #venezueladiaspora #longjourney #migrants #refugees #humanitariancrisis #colombia #cucuta
Link in profile to see more of this stoty


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On average Venezuelans lost 11 Kilograms in 2017 due the shortage and high cost of food.
Thousands are leaving Venezuela and making the journey by foot to find a better life in Colombia, Perú, Ecuador and Chile.

Trip to the Unknown is the most recent multimedia project for @Dejusticia as part of a multi-story project about the Venezuelan migration crisis. With @angelicamcuevas we travel with this family, follow the link for more on this story.

#dejustica #venezuela #migration #migrationcrisis #cucuta #venezueladiaspora #longjourney #migrants #refugees #humanitariancrisis #colombia #cucuta
Link in Bio to see more in this stoty


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Yoselin Castillo a mother of two takes a nap with a fellow traveler along the road outside the Colombian city of Cúcuta on mother's day. Yoselin is from Venezuela and she is making the desperate 975 km from the border of Venezuela and Colombia to the City of Cali walking along with her husband, two sons and her six other relatives in search of a better life. ---
Trip to the Unknown is the most recent multimedia project for @Dejusticia as part of a multi-story project about the Venezuelan migration crisis. With @angelicamcuevas we travel with this family, follow the link for more on this story.

#dejustica #venezuela #migration #migrationcrisis #cucuta #venezueladiaspora #longjourney #migrants #refugees #humanitariancrisis #colombia #cucuta
Link in Bio for full story


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A trip to the Unknown is the most recent multimedia project for @Dejusticia as part of a multi-story project about the Venezuelan migration crisis. This project was made possible by tireless work of my partner in crime @angelicamcuevas and @gutierreztorrescarolina
#dejustica #venezuela #migration #migrationcrisis #cucuta #venezueladiaspora
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Link in Bio
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Viaje a la Incertidumbre es el mas reciente miltimedia para Dejusticia y parte del especial Cucuta: Salida de Emergencia y una colaboración con Angélica María Cuevas, Carolina Gutiérrez Torres sobre la crisis migratoria venezolana y con el diseño de Giselly Andrea Mejía Zapata


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Peruvian fans Father and son cheer outside Yekateringurg Russia. "No Sleep 'til Moscow" is my latest contribution to @espn
Follow link to article on my bio

#soccer #soccerfans #fifaworldcup #russia #peru #blanquiroja #hinchada #hinchas #yaketerinburg


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