rena effendi@renaeffendiphoto

Photographer @natgeo @natgeocreative @thephotosociety author of Liquid Land based in Istanbul

129 posts 89,694 followers 641 following

Five years ago this month, I traveled across Gujarat state in the footsteps of Mahatma Gandhi's iconic Salt March from Ahmedabad to Dandi, photographing the modern-day landscape and people in my attempts to trace history. In this Gujarati village of Ras on the eve of the Salt March, Gandhi’s stout supporter and India's first home minister Sarder Patel was arrested by the British forces to prevent him from addressing a gathering. In the following weeks hundreds of the Salt March activists were detained by the British as they embarked on their non-violent resistance campaign against the imposed salt tax. #nonviolent #resistance #campaign #gandhi #saltmarch #india #gujarat #history @natgeocreative @thephotosociety @natgeo

Anand, Gujarat

Clad in traditional dress, cousins Anuța and Magdalena are on their way to a wedding in Sat Șugatăg, Maramureș, Romania. Many young people have moved out of rural areas of Transylvania to find work in Western Europe, but in spite of these changes, some young people stayed and continue to observe and respect the culture and tradition of the region. #girls #culture #dress #shoes #beauty #women #tradition #wedding #romania #rural @natgeo @natgeocreative @thephotosociety


Village musician and drum maker Stefan Kovaci with his granddaughter Silvia in Slatioara, Maramures. All of Stefan’s sons migrated from Romania and are now working abroad in Italy and Spain. Silvia was sent back home to visit her grandparents in summer. #home #village #rural #musicians #grandparents #romania @natgeo @natgeocreative @thephotosociety


On the evening hillside outside Breb, alfalfa stacks stand sentinel. The roots of Transylvania go back at least a thousand years. The farming way of life will continue only if it is treasured and nurtured by the villagers and seen by Romania and the European Union as worth sustaining. #agriculture #life #dailylife #farming #romania #traditions #culture #people @natgeo @thephotosociety @natgeocreative


A family in Maramures takes a moment to relax after a work day that started at 5:00 a.m. as they made hay for the winter. Gheorghe and Anuța were married in July 1995, in the middle of the grass-cutting season. The honeymoon had to be cut short. “We started making hay again one week after the wedding,” Anuța said. @natgeo @natgeocreative @thephotosociety #work #romania #people #hardwork #village #life #agriculture


Every member of a Transylvanian family plays a part in the farming life. Eight-year-old Anuța, from Bogdan Vodă in the north, helps with the cows and sheep after school in Maramures, Romania. #family #life #village #rural #girl #beauty #culture @natgeo @natgeocreative @thephotosociety

Maramureș County

Corn is shelled, then fed to the cattle. Ion Petric and his wife, Maria, who live in Breb, help out their neighbors’ daughter, seven-year-old Adriana. Family and village life in Maramures, Romania remain intimately bound up with the needs and services of the farm animals. #neighbors #village #life #food #family #love @natgeo @natgeocreative @thephotosociety


Widowed mother with her unmarried daughter at their home in Hoteni village, Romania. After the death of a husband, a widow would wear black for the rest of her life. According to an old tradition, still observed by some Maramures families, the last born daughter would stay home and not marry in order to look after her parents. #love #family #mothers #daughters #village #life #tradition @natgeo @natgeocreative @thephotosociety


Mother and daughter at home in Breb village, Maramures, Romania. They were talking by the door and for one moment it felt to me that the daughter was the reflection of her mother. Shot #onassignment for @natgeo #archive #romania #family #life #village @natgeocreative @thephotosociety


My last post from the Chernobyl series here - Maria Vitosh (86 y.o) at home: “My years are my fortune!” - she told me. On April 26, 1986 she was planting potatoes in the fields of her village when the accident happened. They continued working even after the word got around. Maria did not want to leave her home behind and returned back shortly after the accident: “A pigeon flies close to his nest... Those who left are worse off now… all died of sadness” - she said. #chernobyl #nuclear #catastrophe #power #women #strong #survivors #beauty

Chernobyl, Ukraine

Galina Konyushok was a liquidator in Chernobyl after the catastrophe. She drove a truck with provisions for other workers deployed to liquidate the radioactive contamination in the area. Galina resettled in Chernobyl a few months after the disaster and went straight to work. She now lives alone, battling a thyroid cancer, which does not stop her from taking care of her needs independently. To keep busy, she occasionally knits traditional folk patterns and images of Jesus on fabric. #chernobyl #nuclear #disaster #ukraine #women #strong #power #spirit

Chernobyl, Ukraine

Anna Zavorotnya, 78 years old at the time of this photograph (2010), survived holodomor - Stalin imposed famine and blockade of Ukraine, she then lived through the Nazi occupation and the holocaust. Anna told a story that at the time of holodomor, she was rescued as a six month old baby from a group of villagers who resorted to cannibalism and nearly butchered her for food. After the nuclear accident in Chernobyl in 1986, the residents of Anna's Kapavati village inside the exclusion zone were forced to leave. She chose to go back and resettle 2 months after the accident. #power #women #strong #chernobyl #nuclear #disaster #home

Chernobyl, Ukraine